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|Edward VII and I|
|Edward VII and I by Francis Gravelot|
|Reign|| 18 September 1758 –
9 May 1770
|Coronation||15 March 1759|
|Predecessor||William V and IV|
|Successor||William VI and V|
|Spouse||Marie of Denmark|
|Edward George William|
|House||House of Orange-Nassau|
|Father||William IV and III|
|Mother||Henrietta Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt|
|Born|| 13 November 1726|
[N.S.: 24 November 1726]
Kensington Palace, London
|Died|| 9 May 1770 (aged 43)|
Palace of Whitehall, London
|Burial|| 1 June 1770|
Westminster Abbey, London
The second son of William IV, Edward was not brought up in the same lavish conditions of his older brother and nephew, instead being raised by his uncle, Johan Philip of the Dutch Republic, as well as several religious ministers. As a result, the middle prince was brought up as far more moderate than his more 'absolutist' relations and leading government minister, his reformist attitudes regarding the state of science and political freedoms often leading to clashes with his family that resulted in him leaving to Scotland after the death of his father.
However, events conspiring in London would ultimately force him back to the capital; the death of his nephew at the age of only 13 forcing the inexperienced and unready Edward to the throne as Edward VII (in England) and I (in Scotland). Coming to power in the age of plenty in the aftermath of the War of the French Succession, the new monarch would make a series of institutional moves over his twelve years in power that would adversely affect the parliament-crown relationship; with actions such as the forced resignation of several leading Tory ministers, the refusal to reinstitute the Protections and Customs Act of 1739, and his insistence on furthering the voting rights for subjects placed him firmly against the Tory dominated English and Scottish Parliaments.
In a manner similar to most members of the House of Orange-Nassau, Edward himself had never been particularly robust and as a result had failed to rally enough support to pass the reformist policies that he championed. It would only be after the death of his daughter in 1769 in which he would gain enough sympathy from Parliament to force through several minor Whig acts (the most prominent of which was the Calendar Reform Act). In May 1770 after a particularly troubling bout of pneumonia, Edward VII died in his sleep at the age of only 48, the crown passing on to his 19 year-old nephew William VI.