Edward VII and I
Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (2).jpg
Edward VII and I by Francis Gravelot
King of England, Scotland and Ireland (more ...)
Reign 18 September 1758 –

9 May 1770

Coronation 15 March 1759
Predecessor William V and IV
Successor William VI and V
Spouse Marie of Denmark
Princess Mary
Full name
Edward George William
House House of Orange-Nassau
Father William IV and III
Mother Henrietta Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Born 13 November 1726
[N.S.: 24 November 1726]
Kensington Palace, London
Died 9 May 1770 (aged 43)
Palace of Whitehall, London
Burial 1 June 1770
Westminster Abbey, London
Religion Anglican
Edward VII and I (Edward George William; O.S. 13 November 1726 – N.S. 9 May 1770) was the King of EnglandScotland and Ireland from the death of his nephew William V in 1758 to his death. From 1755 to his ascension he served as regent for his predecessor whilst the young King came of age.

The second son of William IV, Edward was not brought up in the same lavish conditions of his older brother and nephew, instead being raised by his uncle, Johan Philip of the Dutch Republic, as well as several religious ministers. As a result, the middle prince was brought up as far more moderate than his more 'absolutist' relations and leading government minister, his reformist attitudes regarding the state of science and political freedoms often leading to clashes with his family that resulted in him leaving to Scotland after the death of his father.

However, events conspiring in London would ultimately force him back to the capital; the death of his nephew at the age of only 13 forcing the inexperienced and unready Edward to the throne as Edward VII (in England) and I (in Scotland). Coming to power in the age of plenty in the aftermath of the War of the French Succession, the new monarch would make a series of institutional moves over his twelve years in power that would adversely affect the parliament-crown relationship; with actions such as the forced resignation of several leading Tory ministers, the refusal to reinstitute the Protections and Customs Act of 1739, and his insistence on furthering the voting rights for subjects placed him firmly against the Tory dominated English and Scottish Parliaments.

In a manner similar to most members of the House of Orange-Nassau, Edward himself had never been particularly robust and as a result had failed to rally enough support to pass the reformist policies that he championed. It would only be after the death of his daughter in 1769 in which he would gain enough sympathy from Parliament to force through several minor Whig acts (the most prominent of which was the Calendar Reform Act). In May 1770 after a particularly troubling bout of pneumonia, Edward VII died in his sleep at the age of only 48, the crown passing on to his 19 year-old nephew William VI.

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