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Edward Lincoln (Alternity)

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Edward Baker 'Eddie' Lincoln (March 10, 1846 – July 7, 1934) was the second son of President Abraham Lincoln and 8th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, serving from 1895 to 1920. He presided over several important cases in the early 20th century, such as United States v. State of Texas (1897), which settled the longstanding dispute over Greer County, Texas, and assigned the land to Oklahoma Territory, or the Arizona v. South California (1908) land dispute over rights to use of the lower Colorado River (in which he ruled in favor of compromise by dividing territorial rights). Lincoln's last significant and possibly most landmark case was Evered v. United States (1919), where Michael Evered – a noted French sympathizer and leader of the Socialist Party of America who promoted opposition to the draft in World War I – appealed to the Supreme Court after he was convicted of violation of the Espionage Act of 1917, a conviction, he argued, violated his First Amendment rights. Lincoln ruled, along with a unanimous court decision, that Evered was not protected by the First Amendment for his opposition of the draft and set the "clear and present danger" rule for limits on the First Amendment until 1969.

In 1920, Lincoln retired from the Supreme Court, now seventy-four, and took a sideline on politics for the remainder of his life. He and his three brothers attended the dedication of the Lincoln Memorial (in honor of their father) in May 1922, after which Edward and his wife Alice retired to a secluded estate on the coast of Maine, and where he died twelve years later at the age of 88, on July 7, 1934, his four children, June, Edward Jr., Mark, and James at his bedside. Edward is buried in the Lincoln Tomb in Springfield, Illinois, alongside his father and mother. He is regarded as one of the most influential Supreme Court Justices in US history, often ranked #2, behind only John Marshall.

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