Eastern Front

August 17, 1914


December 6, 1917


Central and Eastern Europe


Allied Victory;
Collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire;
Beginning of the Russian Civil War


Flag of Russia Russian Empire
Flag of Romania Romania (1916-1917)
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria (1916-1917)
Supported by
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of France France

Flag of the German Empire German Empire
Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) Austria-Hungary


Flag of Russia Tsar Nicholas II
Flag of Russia Grand Duke Nicholad
Flag of Russia Aleksei Brusilov
Flag of Russia Lavr Kornilov
Flag of Romania Constantin Prezan
Flag of Bulgaria Nikola Zhekov

Flag of the German Empire Paul von Hindenburg
Flag of the German Empire Erich Ludendorff
Flag of the German Empire Max Hoffman
Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) Conrad von Hötzendorf


Flag of Russia 12,000,000
Flag of Bulgaria 1,100,000
Flag of Romania 720,000

Flag of the German Empire 5,200,000
Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) 4,200,000

Casualties and Losses

Flag of Russia 1,800,000
Flag of Bulgaria 81,000
Flag of Romania 37,000

Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) 1,600,000
Flag of the German Empire 1,100,000

During the World War, the Eastern Front was a military theatre of operation that encompassed the frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side, and the German empire and Austria-Hungary on the other. It stretched from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south, included most of Eastern Europe and stretched deep into Central Europe as well.

Beginning on August 14, 1914 and ending with the armistice of December 6, 1917 that effectively ended World War 1, it was a far more fluid and mobile, unlike that of the trenches of the western front. This allowed great gains by Germany during the first years of the war, before the Constantinople Campaign reopened supply lines from the western allies to Russia, as well as the entrance of both Romania and Bulgaria (and to an extent Greece), allowed the entente to return to the offensive with massive breakthroughs against Austria-Hungary (as well as small breakthroughs in the German lines) in 1916 and 1917.

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