German Democratic Republic
Deutsche Demokratische Republik
Timeline: This is the Dream
Flag of East Germany Coat of arms of East Germany
Flag Emblem
Location of East Germany (This is the Dream)
Location of the German Democratic Republic
Anthem "Auferstanden aus Ruinen"
Capital East Berlin
  others Sorbian (only in parts of Dresden and Cottbus districts)
  others Christianity (Protestant ChurchesRoman CatholicismOther)
Demonym German (local)
East German (colloquial)
Government Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist state
  legislature Volkskammer
General Secretary Egon Krenz (SED)
Chairman of the State Council Hellmut Liesching (SED)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers Ernst Schall (SED)
123,433 km²
  water (%) 2.2%
Population 16,871,000 (2014 estimate) 
Established Holy Roman Empire
(February 2, 962)
German Confederation
(June 8, 1815)
German Empire
(January 18, 1871)
Weimar Republic
(August 11, 1919)
Constitution Adopted
(October 7, 1949)
Currency East German Mark (M) (DDM)
Time Zone (UTC+1)
  summer (UTC+2)
Calling Code +37
Internet TLD .dd
Organizations COMINTERNUN
East Germany, officially known as the German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik; DDR) is a Marxist–Leninist single-party state in Central Europe. Comprised of 17 administrative districts, it covers an area of 123,433 square kilometres (47,658 sq mi) with mostly temperate continental climate. It has 16.9 million inhabitants and the capital and largest city is East Berlin with 1.5 million residents. The Inner German Border marks the boundary between East Germany and West Germany.

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