Earth 03-028-1811 is a an associate member of the Interdimensional Energy and Technology Community. It is currently in the process of being graduated to full member status. Despite the large number of syndicalist and constitutional monarchies, Earth 03-028-1811 has gained the nickname "Liberty" for a nation known as the Confederation of America, which is a famous tourist destination for many wealthy interdimensional travelers.
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Confederation of America
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Andrew Jackson (1767 – 1845) was the second Consul of the Confederation of America (1828–1836). Jackson was nicknamed "Old Hickory" because of his toughness and aggressive personality; he fought in duels, some fatal to his opponents. He was a rich slaveholder, who appealed to the common men of the United States, and fought politically against the closed, undemocratic aristocracy that he claimed dominated most nations.
Originally from what would become northern Muskogee, Jackson joined the American rebels during the First Rebellion of 1775. The death of his mother and brothers during the way, along with his poor treatment as a prisoner of war, left Jackson with an intense hatred for the British. Following the end of the war in 1781, Jackson fled westward to join up with George Rogers Clark and other American refugees who were settling in the Illinois Country to flee British occupation of the eastern colonies.
Jackson quickly rose to prominence in the Illinois Country both as a politician and army general, fighting against Indians (one of his earliest rivals was co-founder of the Confederation, Tecumseh) and Quebec traders who were attempting to enforce the terms of the Quebec Act of 1774. It was the defeat of the later that was one of the causes of the Second Rebellion of 1811. Jackson spent most of the war campaigning in Miami and western New York/Pennsylvania (later to become the province of Erie). He commanded the allied army of rebels at the Battle of New Orleans (1815) where he defeated the Duke of Wellington and his British army.
Following the end of the war and British recognition of the Confederation of America, Jackson returned to the new Province of Illinois where he was elected its first governor. He was an outspoken critic of the Congress of New Orleans for being a tool of the aristocratic Napoleon Bonaparte. It was never proven that Jackson was connected to the Burr Conspiracy of 1819. Some historians, however, believe he may have been the initial financier for Aaron Burr and others even believe that Jackson got cold feet and was the informant who warn Bonaparte. Nevertheless, the controversy likely led to his defeat during the first election for Consul of the Confederacy.
Jackson remained a polarizing figure during the 1820s, traveling across the Confederacy making speeches that would form the basis of Jacksonian Liberalism. Jackson supported a small and limited federal government, popular democracy and increased individual liberty. This became the platform for the provincial parties that rallied around Jackson forming the coalition needed to be elected Consul of the Confederacy in 1828.
His election antagonized free blacks and the Indian Tribes living in the Confederacy, who respectively felt that Jackson would reenslave them and force them off their lands. For two years skirmishes broke out among independent militias of whites, blacks and Indians. Wabash, Muskogee and Liberia were threatening to secede, while New Orleans and St. Louis suffered through several nasty riots. Slaves revolts spread across the country and the Plains Indian tribes took advantage of the chaos to raid settlements along the Great Plains.
With the Confederacy fraying at the edges, Consul Jackson met with Tecumseh, former Consul Bonaparte and Toussaint L'ouverture and came up with the Compromise of 1830, which ensured equal rights for Indians and blacks in the Confederacy and laid the groundwork for the gradual emancipation of slaves. As a sign of goodwill, Jackson immediately freed his slaves following the announcement of the Compromise. The Compromise, however, was not popular among all groups and many slaveholders moved their families to the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas.
With the crisis averted, Jackson was able to focus on domestic issues for the rest of his consulship. Despite his small government platform, Jackson strengthened the power of the presidency and introduced the spoils system to put his supporters into influential positions of the Confederacy. He rationalized this by arguing that the Consul was a spokesman for the entire population and could protect individuals from the oppression of provincial governments. Jackson also blocked attempts to form a national bank for the Confederacy.
Following the end of his term, Jackson retired from politics, though would often endorse and mentor other politicians. Following his death in 1845 the coalition of provincial parties that followed his political platform took the name "Jacksonians" and remain an important force in Confederation politics.
Aaron Burr, Jr. (1756 – 1821) was an important political figure in the early history of the Confederation of America. After serving as a Continental Army officer in the First Rebellion, Burr fled to France where he participated in politics as part of the American Club. It was during this time that he befriended Napoleon Bonaparte and remained in contact with him even after he left in 1791 to make his fortune in America.
After killing Thomas Jefferson in duel in 1801, Burr left France. He travelled the world for a few years before finally accepting an offer to settle in Louisiana by Bonaparte in 1803. Burr found financial success as a land speculator and as merchant, especially with the American settlements in Illinois Country, where he met and befriended Andrew Jackson.
During the late 1800s, Burr became increasingly controversial. He attempted to finance a filibustering expedition to Mexico, a plan to strained his relationship with Bonaparte. He was also very anti-British and when the Tax Riots of 1810 began in Columbia, he secretly entered Columbia with intent of leading a revolution in Columbia, like he did in France. This plan also failed to reach fruition and Burr was almost arrested by the British/Columbians.
When the Second Rebellion began, Aaron Burr became an important diplomat between the diverse rebel forces. He was responsible for negotiating the alliance between Jackson and Bonaparte and successfully convinced Muskogee and West Florida to side with the rebels. He commanded a militia in Muskogee during the last years of the war.
Despite his success as a diplomat and war hero, Burr failed to find a position for himself in the Congress of New Orleans. This began an estrangement with Bonaparte and Burr joined Jackson in loudly denouncing Bonaparte and hois followers. Meanwhile, he secretly began building a small army out of dissatisfied Second Rebellion veterans. Officially they were meant to protect lands Burr owned from Indian raids, but in reality they were to be used to arrest Bonaparte and the Congress of New Orleans. Somehow Bonaparte was tipped off and on the night of the coup Burr and his compatriots were either arrested or killed. Burr was tried and executed for treason. Today his name his synonymous with "traitor".
William Augustus Bowles
William Augustus Bowles (1763–1829), also known as Estajoca, was a Maryland-born English adventurer and founder of the province of Muskogee. He is also affectionately called Billy Bowlegs, although there is no evidence that he ever used that name himself.
Some sources give his date of birth as 1764. Bowles was born in Frederick County, Maryland. He joined the British Army at the age of 13, and served with the Maryland Loyalist Battalion as an ensign during the First Rebellion. He went with the battalion when it was ordered to part of the garrison of Pensacola. Upon arrival, and as he was an officer, Bowles resigned his commission, and left the fortifications. He was captured by Indians from the Creek Nation and went "native" becoming a zealous advocate of Muskogee culture. He would marry two wives, one Creek (the chief's daughter) and the other Cherokee, and become heir to the Creek chiefdom.
In one of the bizarre twists that makes Bowles so interesting, he eventually returned to the Dominion of Columbia, was reinstated in the British Army and went to the Bahamas. After a few months in the Bahamas, the British governor Lord Dunmore, sent Bowles back among the Creeks with a charge to establish a trading house among them. Bowles established a trading post along the Chattahoochee River.
When Columbia began ignoring the Proclamation of 1763, Bowles began pursuing his idea of an American Indian state to act as a buffer to white settlement. After the end of the First Rebellion, he was received by George III as 'Chief of the Embassy for Creek and Cherokee Nations' and it was with British backing that he returned to the Indian Reserve.
Nevertheless, relations between himself and the colonial authorities in Philadelphia broke down. In 1795, along with the Seminoles, he formed the sovereign "State of Muskogee", with himself as its "Director General". To counter unauthorized Colombian settlers he encouraged Muskogee tribes to lease land directly to white settlers as long as they promised to prohibit unauthorized settlement. Bowles also gave sanctuary to runaway slaves and free blacks, especially to "Black Loyalists" who had fought for the British during the First Rebellion and yet found themselves with no rights in the Dominion of Columbia. From these groups Bowles was able to operate two schooners and boasted field a small army of frontiersmen, former slaves, and Muskogee warriors.
In 1800, fighting broke out between Columbia settlers and Bowles' Muskogee. A furious Columbia put a bounty on his head, and when he finally was captured, he was transported to London where he was unmoved by George III's attempts to disband Muskogee. He then escaped, commandeering a ship and returned to the Gulf of Mexico as a pirate. One of the main victims of his piracy was the trading firm of Panton, Leslie & Company. He eventually returned to Muskogee in 1803 and declared himself 'Chief of all Indians present' at a trial council. Due to the fact that Columbia put another bounty on his head, Bowles was unable to stay in one place for long periods of time. He spent most of the 1810s moving among the tribes friendly to him, often in disguise. While visiting a Cherokee tribe on Hiwassee Island, he met a young Sam Houston. The two became friends and Houston traveled with Bowles on his journeys through Muskogee.
Throughout this period Bowles remained loyal to Britain and held out hope that they would recognize Muskogee and establish a protectorate over it, ensuring the existence of the tribes in the face of Colombian expansion. Thus when the Second Rebellion of 1811 began he remained neutral, but not some Muskogees did side with the rebels. When British retaliatory raids destroyed several neutral villages (possibly under misleading intelligence by Colombians who wanted to break the power of the state of Muskogee) Bowles turned his back on the British and 1813 accepted an offer by Aaron Burr to join the growing rebel movement. He rallied the tribes, white settlers and free blacks loyal to him and campaigned in the south. Though he did not participate at the Battle of New Orleans (he sent Houston as part of the Muskogee contingent) he was present during the negotiations that formed the Confederation of America. He ensured that Muskogee would be recognized as a province of the Confederation and that land was set aside for the Seminoles who fought for the rebels in East Florida.
After abdicating his other titles, Bowles was elected the first governor of Muskogee, a position he held until 1827 when he stepped aside for his protege Sam Houston. Though his work in keeping the peace among the diverse society of Muskogee was an accomplishment in itself, much of his administration was marred by a border dispute with the province West Florida. Disillusioned with his life and pining for the days of his youth, Bowles resigned as Governor. When Andrew Jackson was elected Consul of the Confederation, Bowles opposed his ascension to the position and formed a militia to fight West Florida (which had supported Jackson) and end the border dispute once and for all. He was killed in a skirmish in 1829. After learning of his death, his protege Houston resigned as Governor and went west, later founding the Republic (later province) of Texas.
Bowles is a folk hero of Muskogee, but was generally an obscure figure in the rest of the Confederation. Recent historians, however, have given him his due as a founder of the Confederacy and likened the State of Muskogee as an early version of the Confederacy.