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Dutch War of Independence
Principia Moderni III
Morning of the Battle of Agincourt, 25th October 1415
German forces under William VII of Horne on the morning of the Battle of St-Truiden.
Date 1435 - 1450
Location Lowlands, North Germany, Holy Roman Empire
Result Dutch Victory
  • Treaty of Brussels
  • Creation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Territorial changes in the Lowlands
  • Secession of Dutch states from Holy Roman Empire
Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Holland
  • Brabant
  • Hainaut

Pro-Dutch States

Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) Holy Roman Empire
  • Flag of Austria Austria
  • SV-LuxembourgFlag Luxembourg
  • LuikVlag Liege
  • Cleves Arms Cleves-Mark
  • Munster

Pro-German States

Commanders and leaders
Karl van Nassau Flag of Austria Albert II

Flag of Austria Hans Khevenhüller
LuikVlag William VII of Horne †

2,000 Austrian landsknechts
Liege • St-Truiden • Brussels • Namurs • Munster

The Dutch War of Independence, also known as the Fifteen Years War, was a major conflict in the Lowlands and Northern Germany between the rebelling Dutch forces of the Netherlands and several German states, supported and funded by major German powers within the the Holy Roman Empire, such as the nation of Austria.

Lasting fifteen years, the war began with a lengthy rebellion period in which militia and lightly armed Dutch forces, supported by Holland-Brabant-Hainaut, raided northern German states in the Lowlands. After an official invasion, the Dutch actions were met by resistance from several German lords, whose actions were supported by the Holy Roman Emperor, Albert II, who personally sent two companies of Austrian landsknechts to support the local lords, under the command of Hans Khevenhüller, as well as allowing German forces to garrison in the Duchy of Luxembourg.

The Dutch War of Independence is one of the first war in which major powers armed with gunpowder rifles engaged in battle in Europe, the largest being the Battle of St-Truiden, in which German forces and Austrian landsknechts, a highly experienced group of the Austrian Landwehr, engaged the army of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

German forces would find success in the south, successfully pushing the Dutch out of Liege and much of the southern Lowlands, an area transformed into a constant war zone. Concurrently in the north the well trained army of the Netherlands advanced into Munster, scoring several victories. After fifteen years of fighting however, both sides would eventually settle for peace, engaged in a deadly stalemate over much of the Lowlands. The Kingdom of the Netherlands would be established as an independent nation outside the influence of the Holy Roman Empire.

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