11 Years' War
The 11 Years' War was a key conflict in both European and world history as a whole, lasting from 1712 to 1723. The origins of the war can be traced back to continuing hostilities between Spain and the United Provinces, which, after its victory England in the Anglo-Dutch war, was one of the most powerful players in European politics. The United Provinces still sought to regain the still-occupied Spanish Netherlands, but with knew it could not afford to aggravate Spain directly. Instead, the Dutch sought a different strategy. After annexing England, the Dutch had dissolved the Anglican church, instead instituting Calvinism in the region. With a large oppressed Calvinist population in the Spanish Netherlands, the Dutch found it worthwhile to seed religious dissidents in the Spanish Netherlands, hoping that riots would prove too costly to control and Spain would leave the area.
Initially this was a great success. Riots spread across the territory, and much of the government broke down as protests became increasingly violent. However, this did not produce the effect that the Netherlands intended. Instead of abandoning the region, Spain funneled large amounts of troops into the area, combating the protests. Spain, still having its sights set on England and the rest of the Netherlands, used the riots to declare war on the Dutch. The Kingdoms of Wales, Ireland, Scotland, and Denmark, all seeing that they would be under threat by Spain if the country won the war, joined in on the side of the Dutch. A bloody war took place in the Spanish Netherlands, armies from all over Europe marching through a country that had dissolved into anarchy. As the revolts spread into the oppressed Huguenot population of France, it joined in the war, although was not as important as a major player as it could have been due to the resources needed to control its own revolts. As the war escalated, most of Europe was swept into the conflict, and the battlefield raged across Germany, France and The Netherlands.
Prussia and the Kingdom of Sweden joined the side of the Dutch, while Portugal, Russia and Austria fought on the side of Spain.
Elsewhere in the world, the war in Europe provoked war within the colonies. In the Americas, long-held ambitions of the Dutch led to the invasion of the Spanish and Portuguese territories in the Caribbean and South America. The Dutch West India Company, with assistance by its parent government, invaded the island of Hispaniola, expanded its possessions in South America.
The colonies in New Netherlands expanded into French territory, easily taking it with its sparsely populated nature and lack of assistance from the struggling French government. War with Portugal in the Indian Ocean became more violent, but Dutch victory was relatively quick in most cases, with the exception of a long-drawn out war in India. While victory in the Americas and Asia was relatively swift, the war in Europe raged on. The German states warred with one another, and the French government was rapidly losing control. In 1722, the French king was assassinated, and France breaks into anarchy as various factions struggle to obtain power. The tide turns in favor of the Dutch, and on July 23, 1723, the treaty of Antwerp is signed. The French colonies in North America are officially dissolved and handed over to the United Provinces, and a number of Flemish territories in the North-Eastern section of the nation are granted to the United Provinces. Spain agrees to give up much of New Granada and Hispaniola, as well as the long sought-after Spanish Netherlands. In addition, the two primary nations and the secondary nations also involved in the conflict agree to pay for war expenditures on the part of the victors. The Netherlands, in return, set aside a sizable package of land taken out of France's new world possessions to set up an autonomous state to which the Huguenots will have the ability to migrate to. Although a mass exodus of Protestants from Catholic France.
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