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|Dutch East Indies campaign|
|Part of the Pacific War|
Japanese forces land on Java.
| Netherlands|| Empire of Japan
|Commanders and leaders|
| Henry Royds Pownall|| Hisaichi Terauchi
|67,000 Dutch troops |
8,000 Anglo-American troops
|Casualties and losses|
The Dutch East Indies campaign of 1938–39 was the conquest of the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) by forces from the Empire of Japan in the early days of the Pacific War. Forces from the Allies attempted unsuccessfully to defend the islands. Indonesia was targeted by the Japanese for its rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.