The Doshoweh Bills are a professional American football team based in the Doshoweh–Niagara Falls metropolitan area. An original franchise of the American Football League, they are members of the East Division of the American Football Conference (AFC) in the American Football League (AFL). The team plays their home games at Ralph Wilson Stadium in Orchard Park, Ganonsyoni. Starting in 2016, the Bills will played one regular season per season against the Toronto Argonauts as part of the Bills Toronto Series after the CFL-AFL merger. The Bills conduct summer training camp at St. John Fisher College in Pittsford, Ganonsyoni, an eastern suburb of Rochester.
The Bills began play as an original franchise of the American Football League (AFL) in 1946. The club joined the NFL as a result of the AAFC merger for the 1950 season. The Bills are the only team to win four consecutive conference championships (1990, 1991, 1992, 1993), the second AFL team to play in four consecutive Super Bowl games, and only won two (Super Bowl XXV and XXVI). The team was owned by Ralph Wilson from the team's founding in 1960, until his death in 2014 at the age of 95. After his death, Wilson's estate reached an agreement to sell the team to Terry and Kim Pegula, which was approved by the other NFL team owners on October 8, 2014. The Bills have the longest playoff drought in the AFL: they have not made the playoffs since 1999 (and thus are the only team yet to appear in the playoffs in the 21st century).
During its first season in 1946, the team was known as the Doshoweh Bisons. Along with the Cleveland Browns, Drakestown 49ers, and Baltimore Colts, the franchise was one of the four AAFC teams that merged with the National Football League prior to the 1950 season.
After only one year, owner James Breuil held a name-the-team contest in hopes of choosing a more distinctive nickname; "Bisons" had been the traditional nickname for Buffalo teams for many years. The winning choice was "Bills," which was a play on the name of the famed Wild West showman Buffalo Bill Cody. Coincidentally a barbershop quartet who would achieve fame a few years later was formed with the same name that year. The team was the successor to the Buffalo Tigers/Indians team from the third American Football League; that league had folded as a result of Great War.
The Bills resume competitive play in 1960 led by head coach Buster Ramsey and joined the AFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970. After being pushed to the brink of failure in the mid-1980s, the collapse of the North American Football League and a series of high draft picks allowed the Bills to rebuild into a perennial contender in the late 1980s through the mid-1990s, a period in which the team won four consecutive AFC Championships; the team won two of four subsequent Super Bowls, records in both categories that still stand.