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The dissolution of the Ross Dependency—a dependent region which organized all the Antarctic claims of New Zealand—took place between September 3, 2010 and September 5, 2010, in which the Ross Dependency was dissolved into the New Zealand associate states of Balleny Islands and Ross and Scott, and the joint Bellinsgauzenian-New Zealander occupied territory of Transantarctica.
The planned dissolution was years in the making, and came to be due to the rise or Russo-Antarctic Nationalism and Ballenian autonomy.
Between 1923 until 2010, the Ross Dependency comprised of New Zealand's claims on the continent of Antarctica, working as a single entity. The four main regions were Ross Island, the capital region of the RD; Scott Island, the northernmost island of the RD; the Balleny Islands, an archipelago off the coast of Yekaterinia; and Transantarctica, the former Russian territory claimed by New Zealand shortly after the collapse of the Russian Empire.
Following the collapse of the Russian Empire and its colonies, vast areas of former Russian land were occupied variously by American, British, and New Zealand troops; and eventually became territories of these nations. The former Viceroyalty of Transantarctica was occupied and later claimed by New Zealand, and was later combined with the Balleny Islands, Ross Island, and Scott Island to form the Ross Dependency.
Despite the vast new territory New Zealand claimed, Transantarctica was mountainous and ice covered, leaving most of New Zealand settlements to be located on the coast of Transantarctica. The first of these settlements was New Auckland, which would become the primary city for the mainland.
In recent years, factions of ethnic Russians on the continent have started a movement known as Russo-Antarctic Nationalism; with the aim of rejoining the former Russian colonies into Bellinsgauzenia, the main Russian nation on the Continent. Some paramilitary organizations, most notably the Russian Continental Army (RCA), have been actively engaged in violence and civil disobedience in their pursuit of Russo-Antarctic Nationalism; while others have formed more peaceful political movements. The movement had its biggest impact in New Devon, in which the nation left Britain to form an equal republic.
The second factor in the dissolution was the status of the Balleny Islands, which made up the largest population and economy within the RD. The Balleny Islands were originally their own self-governing region prior to it being unified with the RD in 1923, and have been moving towards regaining their autonomy.
New Zealand settlements
As part of the agreement between New Zealand and Bellinsgauzenia, the UOB would allow joint occupation of the 5 main New Zealand settlements (NZSs) until January 1, 2020. The five settlements (including the city of New Auckland) will remain under New Zealand's control, but under the jurisdiction of Bellinsgauzenia.
As part of New Zealand's agreement with Bellinsgauzenia, all residents of Transantarctica with New Zealand citizenship are entitled to keep said citizenship, and follow the same citizenship laws as residents of New Zealand. Any future child of a New Zealand citizen living in Transantarctica is also entitled to New Zealand citizenship, on the condition that they are born in Transantarctica, or elsewhere in Bellinsgauzenia, though the child must register with the New Zealand government to receive this citizenship.
Many citizens of the Dependency - primarily New Zealanders, as well as a small minority of Russians - have opposed the Dissolution, in whole or in part, in favor of a different solution to the issues in the area. Some are entirely against it, and assert that New Zealand should maintain full control of the area; while some support a joint New Zealand–Bellinsgauzenian administration, whereby each country would appoint a Governor-General, and cooperate on the Dependency's governing.
Still others are in favor of making the Dependency into a new nation altogether, with more equality between New Zealanders, Russians, and AIPs; modelled on the systems adopted by Byrdia and New Devon.
The Wellington Movement, a large movement of New Zealanders living in Transantarctica, has announced that it will form a political party opposing the Dissolution; which will run only in Transantarctica (akin to the Bloc Quebecois in Quebec, Canada).
After almost a century of New Zealand control, English has become a major language in the area. Bellinsgauzenia has announced that English will become a co-official language with Russian in the Oblast of Transantarctica; though it will not become official in the rest of the country.