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Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kabila Ousted)

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Democratic Republic of the Congo
République Démocratique du Congo
Timeline: Kabila Ousted

OTL equivalent: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the DRC Coat of arms of the DRC
Democratic Republic of the Congo - Location Map (2013) - COD - UNOCHA
Location map of the DRC

Motto
"Justice—Piax-Travail" (French)
(""Justice—Peace—Work"")

Anthem "Arise, Congolese"
Capital Kinshasa
Largest city Kinshasa
Other cities Goma
Kindu
Isiro
Kisangani
Lubumbashi
Language
  official
 
French
  others Lingala
Swahili
Kikongo
Religion No official religion
Ethnic Group See ethnic groups section below
Demonym Congolese
Government Parliamentary republic
  legislature National Assembly
President Nzanga Mobutu
Prime Minister Étienne Tshisekedi
Area
  main
 
2,345,409 
  water (%) 4.3%
Population 77,433,744 
Established 1960
Independence from Belgium
  declared 30 June 1960
Currency Congolese franc
Time Zone WAT and CAT
Internet TLD .cd
Calling Code +243
Organizations United Nations

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: République Démocratique du Congo), often called DR Congo, Congo-Kinshasa, Congo, or just DRC, is a large country located in Central Africa. It borders the Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north, Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, and Rwanda to the east, Zambia and Angola to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It is the second largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world. With a population of over 75 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most populous officially Francophone country, the fourth most populous nation in Africa and the nineteenth most populous country in the world.

The Congolese Civil Wars, beginning in 1996, brought about the end of Mobutu Sese Seko's 31 year reign, devastated the country, and ultimately involved nine African nations, multiple groups of UN peacekeepers and twenty armed groups. The wars resulted in the deaths of 5.4 million people since 1998 with more than 90% of those deaths the result of malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition, aggravated by displacement and unsanitary and over-crowded living conditions. Nearly half of the victims were children under five. However, after the rise to power of Nzanga Mobutu in the 2011 election, the country's situation improved a lot, rising on the Human Development Index from 186 to 102 out of 187, in just a few years. By the end of his presidency, the GDP rose from $55 billion to $180 billion.

DR Congo is extremely rich in natural resources, but political instability, a lack of infrastructure and a culture of corruption have limited development, extraction and exploitation efforts. Besides the capital, Kinshasa, the other major cities, Lubumbashi and Mbuji-Mayi, are both mining communities. DR Congo's largest export is raw minerals, with China accepting over 50% of DRC's exports in 2012.

History

2011—present

In the 2011 presidential elections, the incumbent president Joseph Kabila as defeated, resulting in Nzanga Mobutu becoming the head of state. He immediately began reforming the government and security forces. Economic policies were changed as well. A number of state-owned corporations were founded to extract the resources of the DRC and sell them on the international markets. The larger quantities of resources being sold resulted in the GDP to grow from US$55 billion to US$120 billion within two years, and by 2016, reached US$180 billion. Much of the money was invested in repairing infrastructure, firstly roads and railways. The average wage of Congolese citizens also increased immensely.

The Congolese military and government saw the top generals and ministers being replaced, from older Kabila-era ministers to ones approved by Mobutu. Due to efficiency reasons, Mobutu also repealed the law from several years earlier that called for the implementation of 25 new provinces, splitting the 11 current ones. The military's budget went up from US$400 million to US$850 million. The FARDC recruited more troops with a recruitment campaign, raising the total number of active troops to 170,000.

Politics

Governance

Security forces

Foregn relations

Economics

Ethnic groups and languages

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