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In 1566, Suleiman the Magnificent dies during an expedition to Hungary. Meanwhile, the people in their empire at the Balkan peninsula did not love their rule. The people wanted independence and freedom. Together, they revolted and caused a revolution in Istanbul and finally are freed, creating the Democratic Republic of the Balkan. Soon, as the years passed, they and other European nations began their revenge on the Ottomans.
Tensions in the Balkans, The Balkan Revolt, The Ottoman War, and The Ottoman Revolution (1566-1575)
Tensions in the Balkans
This was the beginning of the tensions at the Balkans. People there hated the rule of the Ottomans. Soon a leader was to free them all. Starting in 1566, the tensions would soon erupt into war.
As Suleiman the Magnificent dies in a Hungarian expedition and Selim II replaces him on the throne, tensions for hatred of Ottoman rule in the Balkan began to grow. The Balkan peoples and races hated the Ottomans a lot. They hated the government, the religion, and the way they were living. The Balkan people needed a leader, though there were unsuccessful attempts to drive out the Ottomans from their homeland. A Romanian-Ottoman named Nicholas, who is one of the many empire opponents, decided to plan a revolt to overthrow Ottoman rule. He gathered up thousands of followers in the Balkans. He had at least one million followers. Nicholas needed an army if he was going to overthrow the empire. Nicholas's followers became known as Nicholases. The group was mostly made up by peasants, who had hatred the most due to the paying of taxes. Nicholas wanted to find the Ottoman Empire's enemies so he could win, so he first traveled throughout Persia (now Iran today). He spoke to the ruler and said that the Ottomans were their main enemy. The Persian Emperor was so delighted to join them to get their revenge on the Ottomans as well. As Nicholas gained more and more followers in Persia (now Iran), he decided to find more enemies of the Ottomans, so he went to Russia and Austria. He spoke to their rulers and said that their enemy, the Ottomans, would be knocked out by joining his side. Austria's ally, the Holy Roman Empire and Spain, decided to join. By the time Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, Austria, Russia, and Persia joined, the rulers of his organization were: Philip II of Spain, Rudolph II of the Holy Roman Empire, Charles II of Austria, and Tahmasp I of Persia. Although they were allies of Nicholas, they were still a bit not happy that he had made an alliance with Persia (now Iran) and Russia, because Persia was an Islamic nation and Russia an Orthodox one. Nicholas had a secret headquarters where the leaders decided to plot their war on the Ottomans.
'The Assassination 'Attempts On The Sultan
While Nicholas was discussing how to fight against the Ottomans, he decided that the rebels must kill the Sultan first. That way, the empire would weaken and would be a good time for war. On June 28 1566, the plans for attempting to assassinate Sultan Selim II. They sent at least six assassins were to go to Istanbul to kill the Sultan at the best time: night, while the Sultan slept. That night, the assassins, Cvjetko Popović, Gavrilo Savenjo, Trifun Grabež, Vaso Čubrilović, Mehmedbašić and Čabrinović arrived in the city with their daggers, poison and much other equipment to kill the Sultan. They wanted to make sure that the Sultan is shot dead, but they would have to attempt suicide if they did. All of the assassins except Čabrinović, failed to act. When the Sultan was asleep, Čabrinović threw a dagger at the Sultan, but the dagger hit a wall and the Sultan woke up. As soon as he asked for his guards, he quickly drank poison and died. when the guards came in, the assassin was dead. Čabrinović was soon dead and thrown into the sea for good. After the Sultan Selim II The cashier glanced at his pistol, raised an eyebrow but did not object, and Princip sat down to eat his sandwich in the store. When the archduke passed by the store, Princip was shocked and did not have time to draw his gun and fire. When he ran out the door, the archduke was already gone. Princip shot himself on the spot and fell to the ground. Soon, the Austrians including Franz heard what happened and rush to see. Soon, everyone including Ferdinand and his wife found Princip dead, and believed that he committed suicide. When the other assassins had also learned that the assassination had completely failed, they either shot themselves and died or went on a shooting rampage and then died. Many did get hurt and died in the assassination attempt, but it was written off by the police as a mass shooting rather than an assassination attempt as to not cause panic. The assassination completely failed and all involved were either dead or in jail. Nicholas wanted to try it again, so that next night, Sczecho Balen went to the palace. Sczecho set fire to the Sultan's bed. As he burned away and the security found him too late, the assassin escaped once and for all. As a result, the assassination succeeded, and it was time to go to war.
The Balkan Revolt
On July 1st, 1566, as news of the Sultan's assassination was just spreading, secret meetings were taking place in Belgrade. The next day, people from all walks of life from Serbia, Romania, Bosnia, Albania, Bulgaria, and Greece would rise up and create independent governments. However, violence erupted thst night when an angry group of Janissaries attacked a group of innocent bystanders in what would become known as the Belgrade Massacre. This ignited what was to be a long and bloody war as shots erupted. Originally occurring at noon, the declaration was rushed due to this violence and Ottoman soldiers were pushed out of cities by angry rioters. Nicholas traveled to the main square of Belgrade, the venue for the new government as it was a centralized and important city. He was declared at the scene "First President Supreme of the Balkans Nicholas Lupei" by a contingent of lawmakers from the region. He declared the former Ottoman states "The Balkan Federation".
President Lupei immediately organized all of his able-bodied Nicholases, about 700,000 spread around the Balkans, into an army. On July 4th, Ottoman soldiers got the OK from the transitional government to fire on civilians and Nicholases. All over the southern Balkans, especially Bulgaria, civilians were massacred. Over 20,000 are thought to have died that day. The day is now known as "Dies Sanguine", or Blood Day in Latin. President Lupei sent out letters to the rest of the the alliance to declare war. The day of freedom had come.