Democratic Republic Of Syria
الجمهورية الديمقراطية لسوريا
Timeline: America Takes All Lands From Mexico And Ottoman Empire

OTL equivalent: Syria
Flag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963) Coat of arms of Syria
Flag of Syria Emblem Of Syria
Syria (Alternative 2014)
Map With World

عمال العالم اتحدوا! (Arabic)
("Workers of The World Unite!")

Anthem "The Internationale"
Capital Damacsus
Largest city Aleppo
Language Arabic
Religion Islam
Ethnic Group Arabs
Demonym Syrian
Government Maoist-Titoist One Union
Comarde Asad Ashumu
Area 186,475 km² km²
Population 22.4 million (2012) 
Established 1945
Independence from Greater Arab Kingdom
  recognized 1945
Currency Dinar
Time Zone Eastern European Time Zone (UTC+02:00)
Calling Code +963
Internet TLD .sy, .SovietPact
Organizations United Nations SovietPact
Syria (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية, Aljmhwryh Al'erbyh Alswryh; (French: République Syrienne; Syriac and Aramaic: ܦܽܘܠܺܝܛܺܝܰܐ ܐܳܪܳܡܳܝܳܐ, Puwliyṭiyaʾ ʾOromoyoʾ) , officially known as the Syrian Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Byzantium to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Palestine to the southwest. Its capital Damascus is among the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Alawite, Sunni and Christian Arabs, Armenians, Assyrians, Druze, Kurds, and Turks. Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.

In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as al-Sham) while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the third millennium BC. In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt.

The modern Syrian state was established after the first World War as a French mandate, and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman-ruled Arab Levant. It gained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–1971. Between 1958 and 1961, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt, which was terminated by a military coup. Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered to be non-democratic. Bashar al-Assad has been president since 2000 and was preceded by his father Hafez al-Assad, who was in office from 1970 to 2000.

Syria is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it is currently suspended from the Arab League and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and self-suspended from the Union for the Mediterranean. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in civil war in the wake of uprisings (considered an extension of the Arab Spring, the mass movement of revolutions and protests in the Arab world) against Assad and the Ba'athist government.

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