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Demak Sultanate (English)Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
سلطنة ديماك (Arabic)
Demak Kasultanan (Javanese)
OTL equivalent: Demak Sultanate
لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله (Arabic)
("There is no God other than Allah and Muhammad is His Prophet")
|-||Foundation of Bintara||1475|
The Demak Sultanate (Arabic: سلطنة ديماك; Javanese: Demak Kasultanan) is an Islamic nation based primarily on Java. A port fief to the Majapahit kingdom thought to have been founded in the last quarter of the 15th century, it was influenced by Islam brought by Arab and Gujarat traders. The sultanate was the first Muslim state in Java, and dominates most of the northern coast of Java and southern Sumatra. The sultanate played an important role in the establishment of Islam in Indonesia, especially on Java and the neighbouring areas.
Demak’s origins are uncertain although it was apparently founded in the last quarter of the fifteenth century by a Muslim, known as Raden Patah (from Arabic name: "Fatah", also called "Pate Rodin" in Portuguese records, or "Jin Bun" in Chinese record). There is evidence that he had Chinese ancestry and perhaps was named Cek Ko-po. Raden Patah’s son, or possibly his brother, led Demak’s brief domination in Java. He was known as Trenggana, and later Javanese traditions say he gave himself the title Sultan. It appears that Trenggana had two reigns — c 1505–1518 and c 1521–1546 — between which his brother-in-law, Yunus of Jepara occupied the throne. Before emergence of Demak, northern coast of Java was seat of many Muslim communities, both foreign merchants and Javanese. The Islamisation process gained momentum from decline of Majapahit authority. Following fall of Majapahit capital to usurper from Kediri, Raden Patah declared Demak independence from Majapahit overlordship so did nearly all northern Javanese ports. Demak was a busy harbor with trade connection to Malacca and the Spices islands. It was located at the end of a channel that separated Java and Muria Island. In the channel also located Serang river, which enabled access to rice producing interior of Java. This strategic location enabled Demak to rise as a leading trading center in Java. Demak had more inhabitants than any port in Sunda or Java. Demak was the main exporter of rice to Malacca. And with the rise of Malacca, so did Demak rise into prominence. Its supremacy also enhanced with claim of direct descent of Raden Patah to Majapahit royalty and his marriages ties with neighboring city-states.
During this period, the Demak Sultanate did not make large amount of progress throughout the world except minor conquests throughout OTL Indonesia and Malaysia and taking part in some larger wars. Technology never progressed excessively throughout the nation and cultural growth in the nation was stunted. Diplomatically the nation did not progress much pass having membership in some minor organizations and alliances with some other nations as well.
Two years past when the current Sultan, Agung Patah, had came to power, the young man at the age of 20 years embarked on rebuilding and reforming the Sultanate starting with opening up trade with any European powers it was able to make contact with and were willing to trade with them for modern weapons and such. With success in gaining access to some more modern weaponry, the Sultan made it his priority to start re-equipping and training the army with these weapons. The Sultanate also attempted to establish relations with the Caliphate and the Sultanate of Bengal, asking for trade pacts and alliances. An emissary is sent to Europe to gain more knowledge for the process of modernizing the country. The army is also reformed significantly to be more similar to more, modern European armies. More modern farming techniques are also brought in from Europe and used in the farming of rice.