The Deccan (Tamil: டெக்கான் Ṭekkāṉ; Telugu: దక్కన్ Ḍakkan; Malayalam: ഡെക്കാൺ Ḍekkan), officially the Federation of the Deccan (French: Fédération du Deccan; Tamil: டெக்கான் கூட்டமைப்பு Ṭekkāṉ kūṭṭamaippu; Telugu: దక్కన్ సమాఖ్య Dakkan samākhya; Malayalam: ഡെക്കാൺ സംയുക്തരാജ്യം Ḍekkan ḍaṁyarktarājyaṁ), is a country in South Asia in the Indian sub-continent.
Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with India to the north. In the Indian Ocean, the Deccan is in the vicinity of Eelam, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. It has a population of 2.7 million people and has an area covering 428,345 sq km. The Deccan is a member of the French Community.
Early modern era
Many dynasties ruled Indian subcontinent around the 16th to the 17th century. Some of these were the Mughals in the north and the Marathas in the south. Shivaji, a Maratha aristocrat of the Bhonsle clan from Bijapur (located now in present-day India), created the Maratha Kingdom with Raigad as its capital in 1624 and fought against the Mughals to defend his kingdom. After Shivaji's death, his successors led the small kingdom in a successful resistance against the 27 years of Mughal invasions, between 1681 and 1707.