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Davis Cup (An Earlier World Cup of Football)

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Davis Cup (An Earlier World Cup of Football)
Current season, competition or edition:
31px 1947 Davis Cup (An Earlier World Cup of Football)
Sport Tennis
Founded 1900
Countries ITF member nations
Most recent champion(s) Flag of the United States United States (16th title)
Most titles Flag of the United States United States (16 titles)
Founder Dwight F. Davis

The Davis Cup is a team tennis tournament that is only played by men. Its currently run by the International Tennis Federation but was originally run by the British Tennis Assocation.

History

The Beginning

The first Davis Cup (International Lawn Tennis as it was then known) was played in 1900 between the United States and the British Isles. After the United States won the next one, the British Isles caused an upset in 1902 to move it to the British Isles for the first time. The United States couldn't put a team into the 1903 and 1904 season which was both won by the British Isles. Then in 1905 a "World Group" was formed to challenge the British Isles with Austria and Australia joining for the first time. The run of five wins would then come to end in 1908 when Australia took home the trophy and for the time it moved down south for the first time.

After the United States won the Davis Cup back in 1909, different champions started with the British Isles winning the trophy back in 1911 before changing hands once again in 1913 when Canada shock the British Isles in Worple Road when Robert Powell won the final match in five sets to James Parke. For Canada though it would only be one year as they got defeated by Australia before the war came in 1914 stopping all tennis for four years.

Between the Wars

After the war, Australia retook the title in 1919 when defeated first time champions France in Sydney, Australia, but in 1920 the United States dominated not losing a tie which would be that way until 1925 where they lost the tie against Japan in shocking circumstances. During the time of USA dominance, the qualifying draw was split into the Americas and Europe in 1923 with the chance being because of travel distances between countries. The USA did hit back in 1926 with fight as they took back the Davis Cup. The next year, Hungary made a appearance in the Challenge Round for the first time but was easily beaten by the United States. Italy then upset the defending champions after making a dream run which involve beating France, Germany and Portugal before defeating Japan in the inter-zone playoff. This meant Italy would create history by holding the first ever final on clay as they lost to Great Britain who would defend it in 1930. In 1931, the Americas was split into two draws with three new countries in Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay joining the competition.

South American nations though couldn't make it through to the inter-zonal playoff with all them withdrawing until 1950 where Brazil would join the European zone. After France took their first titles in 1931-1932 and 1933, Australia took the title for the first time in 15 years defeating France 5-0 before the United States won the title back in 1935. Australia regained for one brief year in 1936, the United States took it back. In 1938, the team from Yugoslavia made it all the way through to the challenge final before getting destroyed 5-0 in the final.

After the war

The Second World War brought a stop to all sport. In 1946, the competition had a name change after Dwight F. Davis who was the founder died in 1945. But the Americans continued to dominate as they defeated Australia in the challenge round 5-0 to take home the fourth title in a row. 1947 saw South Africa make it all the way to the inter-zone playoff to be the first African team to make it that far but in the final, a five-nil lost to Australia give the rights to the opposition where once again the Americans would take it out by a score of three-two.

Champions

* Title won by away country
Year Winner Score Runner-up Finals Venue (surface)[1] City
1900United States United States (1)3–0United Kingdom British Isles (1)Longwood Cricket Club (G)Boston, United States
1901United States United States (2)3–1United Kingdom British Isles (2)Longwood Cricket Club (G)Boston, United States
1902United Kingdom British Isles (1)3–2*United States United States (1)Crescent Athletic Club (G) Brooklyn, United States
1904[2]United Kingdom British Isles (2)3–0Belgium Belgium (1)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
1905United Kingdom British Isles (3)4–0United States United States (2)Queen's Club (G)London, United Kingdom
1906United Kingdom British Isles (4)5–0United States United States (3)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
1907United Kingdom British Isles (5)3–1United States United States (4)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
1908Flag of Australia 1903-1909 Australia (1)3–1*United Kingdom British Isles (3)Worple Road (G) London, United Kingdom
1909United States United States (3)4–0* Flag of Australia 1903-1909 Australia (1)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
1910United States United States (4)5–0 Flag of Australia 1903-1909 Australia (2)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
1911United Kingdom British Isles (6)3–2* United States United States (5)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1912United Kingdom British Isles (7)3–1 United States United States (6)??? (G) Pleasure Gardens, Folkestone
1913Flag of Canada-1868-Red Canada (1)3–2*United Kingdom British Isles (4)Worple Road (G) London, United Kingdom
1914Flag of Australia 1903-1909 Australia (2)5–0*Flag of Canada-1868-Red Canada (1)??? (G) ???, Vancouver
1919Australia Australia (3)4–1France France (1)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
1920United States United States (5)5–0*Australia Australia (3)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
1921United States United States (6)5–0Denmark Denmark (1)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1922United States United States (7)5–0Australia Australia (4)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1923United States United States (8)5–0Australia Australia (5)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1924United States United States (9)5–0Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Spain (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
1925Japan Japan (1)3–2*United States United States (7)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
1926United States United States (10)5–0*Japan Japan (1)??? (G) Tokyo, Japan
1927United States United States (11)4–1Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946; 3-2 aspect ratio) Hungary (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G)Philadelphia, United States
1928800px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy (1)3–2*United States United States (8)Town & Tennis Club (G)Chicago, United States
1929United Kingdom United Kingdom (8)4–1*800px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy (1)??? (C)Rome, Italy
1930United Kingdom United Kingdom (9)4–0800px-Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy (2)??? (G)London, United Kingdom
1931France France (1)3–2*United Kingdom United Kingdom (5)??? (G)London, United Kingdom
1932France France (2)3–2United States United States (9)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
1933France France (3)3–2United States United States (10)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
1934Australia Australia (4)5–0France France (2)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
1935United States United States (12)3–2Australia Australia (6)??? (G)Melbourne, Australia
1936Australia Australia (5)4–1United States United States (11)??? (G)???, United States
1937United States United States (13)4–1Australia Australia (7)??? (G)Melbourne, Australia
1938United States United States (14)5–0Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G)Philadelphia, United States
1939United States United States (15)3–2Australia Australia (8)Merion Cricket Club (G)Haverford, United States
1946United States United States (16)5–0Australia Australia (9)West Side Tennis Club (G)Forest Hills, United States
1947United States United States (17)3–2Australia Australia (10)West Side Tennis Club (G)Forest Hills, United States

Notes

  1. (G) - Grass, (C) - Clay, (H) - Hard, (Cp) - Carpet, (Ix) - Indoor
  2. The 1903 Davis Cup was won by the British Isles on walk-over as United States did not exercise the right of challenge during the year.

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