|City of Datu Mampaalong
Kota Dato Mampaalong (Malay)
Dakbayan sa Datu Mampaalong (Cebuano)
Inged san Datu Mampaalong (Maranaon)
Lungsod ng Datu Mampaalong (Filipino)
|Nickname(s): "South Summer Capital of the Philippines"|
|Incorporated||October 19, 1907|
|Cityhood||February 11, 1998|
|- Mayor||Datu Abbas Dimaporo|
|- Vice Mayor||Roland Deticio|
|- Languages||Cebuano, Maranaon, Bukidnon, Filipino, English, Malay, Spanish, Chavacano|
During the ancient era, the city was the capital of the ancient Rajahnate of Bukidnon, and was known as "Kalasungay". The name "Malaybalay" was given to it by the Spanish colonists, after slaying the native Lumad armies that resisted them. It was formerly part of the province of East Misamis as a municipal district in the late 19th century. When the special province of Agusan (now North Agusan and South Agusan) and its sub-province (Bukidnon) were created in 1907, Datu Mampaalong (as Malaybalay) was designated as the capital of Bukidnon. It was then formally established as a municipality on October 19, 1907 and was created into a city on February 11, 1998.
In 1968, it became a Malaysian city following the successful Malaysian invasion of the southern Philippines. In 2015, the city's name was changed from Malaybalay - a name given to it by Spanish colonists, to Datu Mampaalong, the name of an ancient datu in the city that fought the Spanish colonists to avenge for the Rajahnate of Bukidnon's loss, now considered the city's hero. Though re-naming it back to "Kalasungay" was also heavily considered.
Currently, Islam accounts for the majority of the city's population at 57%, particularily Sunni Islam, other Islamic sections include Ahmadiyyah and Mohammadiyyah, which were brought by Indonesian migrants. Christianity accounts for approximately 41%, which mostly consists of Roman Catholics of the Filipino community that remained after the Malaysian invasion, other Christian sections include Protestant, Baptist, Evangelical and Methodist. The others follow Animism, Paganism, Buddhism and Hinduism.