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The Republic of Darfur, commonly refereed to as Darfur, is a nation located in northern Africa. The nation was declared in 2002 after the ongoing disrespect of the federal Sudanese government, and the ongoing war between Sudan and the United States. The US would be the first nation to recognize Darfur as an independent nation in January 2002, just days after declaring their independence.
The nation of Sudan, in its second civil war, had undergone a long lasting period of instability. This made it an excellent site as a base of operations for Al Qaeda and their planning of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. When these attacks occurred, the immediate response by the US was the declaration of war on any countries that harbored the terrorists. This prompted the US to get involved in the Sudanese Civil War conflict, and it began supporting breakaway movements in Sudan, including the one in the south of Sudan, as well as supporting the independence of Darfur.
When Darfur declared its independence in 2002, the US immediately recognized it, along with the majority of its NATO allies; the American war effort was extraordinarily popular internationally due to it being an indirect rectification of the years of genocide committed by the Sudanese government in Darfur, so even the French followed the Americans in their support for Darfur. Afterward, the US began funding the industrialization of the new nation, neglected for so long by the federal government.
Military aid also began pouring into Darfur. While the stated reason was self defense against Sudan and Islamic terrorism, some analysts, along with some in the Soviet Union, viewed the two Sudanese breakaway nations as American supported balances against Ethiopia, as well as other Soviet allies in the region. Despite some fear, the USSR and Ethiopia would recognize Darfur, and assist the nation.