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Etruscan Kingdom
Dardanian Etrusca
NZ flag design Inclusive by Dominic Carroll.jpg
20 AD - 792 AD

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Location of Dardanian Etrusca
Capital Veii
Languages Latin
Etruscan Language
Religion Paganism
Government Monarchy
King
 •  20-37 AD Alexander Dardania(first)
Historical Era Era Two, Era Three
 •  Third Safinei War 2 BC - 13 AD
 • Formation 20 AD
 •  Disestablished 792 AD
Population
 •  13 AD est. 3 Million 
Currency Etruscan Olca

Dardanian Etrusca - also called Etrusca or (somewhat sarcastically) The Second Etruscan Republic - is an extremely authoritarian regime that rose after the mutual destruction of Etrusca and Safineim. Its government was arguably the most oppressive to its citizens for the era, though its economy and military were both thriving. Like other powerful authoritarian regimes, the nation had no shortages of wars - at first mostly against the Senone Republic and Carthage, but later against the Christian powers of the middle east.

During its 772 year existence, this incarnation of Etrusca would expand minimally, mostly due to stiff and constant resistance against any expansion. However, despite the lack of expansion, Etrusca did manege to leverage its military and economy, making it quite influential across the Mediterranean. Ultimately though, the nation's power would be limited, and it would be overthrown and reformed in 792 AD.

History

Stabilizing Italy

Following conclusion of the third Safinei war, the Italian peninsula found itself in complete chaos. Safienim had effectively collapsed, and Etrusca was ailing at best, and was also practically defunct. The most powerful, and really, the only major political force was the Dardanian family, who had managed to leverage themselves into a position of power after the actual political system had collapsed. With effective control of the tattered remains of the Etruscan army, it fell onto the Dardanians to reunite the region. This duty fell onto Alexander, one of the most promising generals in the family. Rallying what troops he could, he marched on Veii, capturing it within a few weeks. This position in the capital gave Alexander more legitimacy than any other claimant, and a larger portion of the Etruscan army quickly aligned themselves with him.

Alexander, now with around half of the Etruscan army behind him, contacted the Senone Republic, a long standing ally of the now former Etruscan Republic. While it appears that there was some disagreement between Senone elites as to whether to support Alexander as the new king of Etruscan, eventually they agreed to send some moderate support. With his allies locked down, Alexander began to take control of Etruscan back, contacting various generals and local leaders to restore control. Meanwhile, in the area formerly controlled by Safineim began to fall to Alexander, through former Safineim generals who saw Alexander as their best chance to keep their position. As Umbria - the last part of Etrusca not to be controlled by Alexander - fell in 16 AD, things also began to come together in Safineim, putting the unification of Italy within Alexander's grasp.

With Italy falling under his military control, Alexander began to focus on the political and economic aspects of his takeover. While he could partially bank on the Dardanian fortune for personal expenses, he would need a tax system to run the state. He established a flat tax, as well as a trade tax, though neither would be very well enforced, meaning people where only taxed when the government actually needed it. He also declared that the new Etrusca would be an autocracy - not even a senate to keep the king in check. While this wasn't completely accepted, a man with the wealth of the most powerful family and unilateral control of the military could hardly be denied. While this would lead to conflict in the future, by 20 AD, Alexander had established full control over Italy, and set up a workable system.

Second Mediterranean War

Because of Etrusca's long standing interest in Iberia, every Etruscan king had kept an eye on the region, occasionally sending trading missions to harasses the Carthaginians. However, in addition to these provocative but harmless trade missions, they also kept an eye out for any opportunity to strike. Amigor, the king at the time, thought he saw this opportunity in 236, shortly after Haser II rose to power. The embarrassing return of Alexandria to Egypt all but ensured Haser II would be a weak king, and Amigor saw no reason to pass this seemingly spectacular opportunity up. So, in the summer of 236, thousands of Etruscan soldiers boarded ships and headed for northern Iberia the region that was closest to Etrusca and most discontent with Carthaginian rule.

As soon as the force landed, they began to initiate dialogue with the locals, many of whom support the Etruscans to some extent. Many of course had their doubts, but even colonization by the Etruscans was viewed as preferable to colonization by the Carthaginians. For this reason, the Etruscans were able to secure the northernmost quarter of the territory with very little bloodshed, and while most of the fighting occurred to the south, were able to effectively fortify the region with the heavy support of the locals. By 237, despite making major gains in the center, the Carthaginians were almost completely shut out of the north. At this point, the only indication of possible failure for Etrusca was the growing unpopularity of the war at home, though even then it was largely limited to the southern and eastern regions.

However, while 238 only brought further stalemate, 239 would prove to be a fateful year for the Etruscans. Early in the year, riots would break out in Rome. While these never reached the capital of Veii, Rome was still an important city, and the riots there held serious weight. Despite Anigor's attempts to quell the riots, they continued, and it became clear they were mostly in protest of the war in Iberia. Meanwhile, in the actual fighting, a devestating blow had been dealt - the Keltoi had joined the war, full force. Withing months, they had forced the Etruscans out of their strongholds, and onto actual battle fields. Both sides took high casualties, but it is telling that Etruscan territory in Iberia was cut in half.

With their military forces falling apart, and the home front becoming much colder to the war, Anigor was left with no real choice but to withdraw his troops from the region. By 240, his forces were in full retreat, taking heavy casualties and losing ground, but probably saving the army from complete destruction. In 241, the last notable stragglers returned to Etrusca, leaving Iberia solidly in Carthage;s control. The failed venture essentially ensured that Etrusca would never again have a reasonable chance of influencing Iberia, especially under Carthage's control. Meanwhile, Etrusca's economy fell apart. only months after the last troops returned, Amigor committed suicide, not willing to deal with the consequences of his failures.

Culture

Politics

Society

Military

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