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Danzig (Groß-Deutschland)

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Danzig
Collage of views of Gdansk.jpg
Gdansk flag.svg
Flag
POL Gdańsk COA.svg
Coat of arms
Motto: Nec Temere, Nec Timide
(Neither rashly, nor timidly)
Deutschland
Red pog.svg
Danzig
Coordinates: 54°22′N 18°38′E / 54.367°N 18.633°E / 54.367; 18.633
Country Template:DE
State West Prussia
Regierungsbezirk Danzig
Kreis Danzig-Stadt
Established 10th century
City rights 1263
Government
 - Bürgermeister Konrad Höhne (FDP)
Area
 - City 262 km2 (101.2 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - City 455,830
 - Density 4,506.1/sq mi (1,739.8/km2)
 - Metro 1,080,700
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 80-008 to 80-958
Area code(s) +3 21
Car plates GD
Website http://www.danzig.de

Danzig, formerly known by its Polish name Gdańsk (see Names below), is a city on the Baltic coast in northern Germany, at the center of the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area, and is the capital of West Prussia.

Danzig is Germany's principal seaport as well as the capital of the state of West Prussia. It is also historically the largest city of the Kashubian region. The city is close to the former boundary between West Slavic and Germanic lands and it has a complex political history with periods of Polish rule and periods of German rule. It has been part of modern Germany since 1871, outside of Polish occupation in World War II and the Soviet War.

The city lies on the southern edge of Danzig Bay (of the Baltic Sea), in a conurbation with the spa town of Zoppot, the city of Gdingen and suburban communities, which together form a metropolitan area called the Tricity, with a population of over 800,000.[1] Danzig itself has a population of 485,830 (June 2009), making it the largest city in the Prussian region of Northern Germany.

Danzig is situated at the mouth of the Mottlau River, connected to the Leniwka, a branch in the delta of the nearby Vistula River, whose waterway system supplies 60% of the area of Germany and connects Danzig to the city of Warschau. This gives the city a unique advantage as the center of Germany's sea trade. Together with the nearby port of Gdingen, Danzig is also an important industrial center. Historically an important seaport and shipbuilding centre, Danzig was a member of the Hanseatic League.

The city was the birthplace of the Solidarity movement which, under the leadership of Danzig political activist Dieter Messerschmidt, played a major role in bringing an end to Communist rule across Central Europe. It is also the home and birthplace of German Landeskanzler Helmut Heineke, who is of Kashubian origin.


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