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Dacia (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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The Grand Principality of Dacia
Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
The Flag of Romania (Principia Moderni III Map Game) Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship
Flag Coat of Arms

Motto
Unirea Face Forța (Romanian)
("Union Creates Strength")

Capital Galati
Largest city Constanta
Other cities Constanta, Sulina
Language Romanian
Religion
  main
 
Moralist Orthodoxy
  others Roman Catholic
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Romanian
  others Lithuanian, Polish, Hungarian, Bulgarian
Area 174,000 km²
Population roughly 3,900,000 
Established Unified in 1601

The Consulate of Dacia comprises all of modern day Romania and Bulgaria. The people of the nation have endured centuries of repeated invasion and foreign rule. United in their struggles for independence, they have found solidarity among the three Principalities and the Tsardom from which they were formed: Wallachia, Moldavia, Transylvania, and Bulgaria.

History

Wallachia's history as a country is very short, only completely independent for roughly 70 years by 1400. However, the western half had been part of the Roman Empire many years before, and then was heavily influenced by the Byzantines. During the age of Migrations before Rome fell the area was occupied by the Goths and Sarmatians, who conducted much trade with the Romans. Later the area was part of the First Bulgarian Empire and then fell under Pecheneg rule until 1091 when the Cumans defeated them. After this a period of disorganization and minor voivodiates dominated by the Kingdom of Hungary followed until 1241 and the Mongolian invasion, during which a direct mongol rule is probable but not known to be true. Then in 1272 a record shows that Litovio, a powerful local ruler in Wallachia refused to pay tribute to the king, after this Hungarian hold over Wallachia falters, until 1330 when Basarab I defeated Charles I of Hungary.

Useful links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:History_of_Wallachia

http://romerica.com/rom/hist_emp_ad1400_ov.htm#h4Boost


1400-1450

The principality led by Prince Mircea I grew in economic power substantially, acquiring a large share of the Black Sea trade. The principality of Moldavia was vassalized after a short war with the Poles, and was in 1421 incorporated into Wallachia, creating the United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia. After the death of Mircea I his son Micheal succeeded him on the throne, consolidating power among the now united principalities, and continuing the massive economic development started by his father. The navy was also built-up to 30 ships by 1427 and The army began to use firearms for the first time after years of development. This period saw a massive growth in trade as no Ottoman attacks came. The economy grew substantially and hundreds of Wallachian trade-ships sailed the Black and Mediterranean Seas. 

1451-1500

The conquest of Bulgaria from the Ottoman empire during the 1450's contributed significantly to the growing power of Romania. The population was then devastated by a major influenza outbreak which killed roughly 200,000 people mainly in the war-torn Bulgaria, a new vassal state. Unity, infrastructure, trade and production all improved in the following 30 years. Following this Romania helped to found first the Eastern Mediterranean Trade Co. and then the Eastern Trade Co. The navy was also expanded dramatically and a professional army of 21,000, the Romanian Legion, was raised in Romania and in Bulgaria. Matchlock weapons became more common, as the Romanian Legions began to use them for combat.


List of Rulers

Wallachia:

  • Micea I 1397-1418

Moldavia:

  • Alexander I 1400-1420

The United Principalities:

  • Micheal I 1418-1448

Romania:

  • Radu I 1448-1478
  • MIrcea II 1478-1502
  • Stephen I 1502-1534
  • Constantius I and Radu II 1534-1535

The Consulate of Romania:

  • Constantius I and Radu II 1536-

Foreign Policy

Allies:

The Roman Empire, The Tartary, Georgia, Croatia

Enemies:

Wary of:

The Ottoman Empire

Russia

Poland

Friendly:

France, Spain. Bavaria

Vassals:

Kiev, Halych

Colonies:

Dacian Somalia

Economy

Several larger towns support a thriving trade network dominated by merchants, who bring many goods from the rest of Europe in exchange for expensive salt. Shipbuilding is a major industry along the coast, and coal, iron and salt are mined extensively in the interior. 

Major Exports: Salt, Agricultural Products, Iron, ships, weapons, Cannons, Guns

Imports: luxuries, some metals

Social

There are several major distinctions between Wallachian and Moldavian peasants and western European serfs, most notably that all Wallachia peasants were free persons. However, there are some serfs. This is due to a system of townships; the inhabitants elected a town leader, not totally unlike today's mayors. The system dates back much farther than the creation of either country, and is still in use as of the 1400's.  Also, the nobility of Wallachia and Moldavia, its Boyars, have a much greater amount of power compared to their western counterparts resulting in a more decentralized system of government. However, a Boyar can be easily stripped of their power if the prince commands it, and if other Boyars support the prince. 

Military

Wartime Army: 40,000-100,000

Peacetime Army: 40,000

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