Džemal Bijedić (12 April 1917 - 4 September 2002) was a Bosnian politician who led the leftist, legitimate government of the Bosnian Confederacy from 1967 until he was deposed by a French invasion in 1972, and who served as Wali of Bosnia from 1976 to 1988 following the reabsorption into Turkey in 1976. Bijedić was regarded as the rightful President of the Bosnian Confederacy by the United States and her allies, and lived in exile in New York until the French withdrawal from Bosnia. He was adamantly opposed to the Islamic Army of Bosnia during the Bosnian Civil War, and recruited a multiethnic government army to combat the ethnic cleansing being performed in rural areas. However, Bijedić was allegedly party to the jailing of political dissidents, the summary execution of both Bosniak and Bosnian Serb enemies, and authorizing the use of lethal force against peaceful protesters in Sarajevo in 1971. He won two elections to the Presidency, in both 1967 and 1970, and in his abbreviated second term enjoyed the support of a majority-Muslim Parliament. He was appointed Wali twice to two consecutive six-year appointments.