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Czechoslovak government-in-exile (Munich Goes Sour)

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Provisional Czechoslovak government
Prozatímní státní zřízení československé
Government-in-exile
Czechoslovakia
1938–1946 Czechoslovakia
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg Czechoslovakia COA small 2.svg
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Pravda vítězí
("Truth prevails")
Anthem
Kde domov můj? Nad Tatrou sa blýska

("Where is my home? Lightning over the Tatras")

Capital Paris (1938–1939)
London (1939–1946)
Government Republic
President
 -  1938–1946 Edvard Beneš
Prime Minister
 - 1938–1946 Jan Šrámek
Historical era World War II
 - Constitution adopted 29 February 1920
 -  Established 18 November 1938
 -  End of exile 15 May 1946

The Czechoslovak government-in-exile, formally known as the Provisional Czechoslovak government (Czech: Prozatímní státní zřízení československé), was the government in exile of Czechoslovakia formed in the aftermath of the Invasion of Czechoslovak of October 1938, and the subsequent occupation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany and Hungary, which brought to an end the First Czechoslovak Republic.

Despite the occupation of Czechoslovakia by hostile powers, the government-in-exile exerted considerable influence in Czechoslovak through the structures of the Central Leadership of Home Resistance (Ústřední vedení odboje domácího, ÚVOD) and its military arm, the Obrana národa (Nation's Defence, OB) resistance. Abroad, under the authority of the government-in-exile, Czechoslovak military units that had escaped the occupation fought under their own commanders as part of Allied forces in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

The government-in-exile was based in Paris, France during 1938 and 1939. From 1939, following the Fall of France, the government moved to London. Seeking safety from the London Blitz, President Beneš would relocate to Aston Abbotts in Buckinghamshire. After the end of World War II, the government returned to Prague where they formed the core of a provisional Czechoslovak government until the parliamentary election of 1947.


History

Edvard Beneš

Edvard Beneš, President in exile.

Jan Šrámek

Jan Šrámek, Prime Minister in exile.

Background

Establishment

Wartime history

Cabinet

Office Name Political Party Dates
President Edvard Beneš Czechoslovak National Socialist Party 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Prime Minister Jan Šrámek Czechoslovak People's Party 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister of Defence Gen. Jan Syrový Independent 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister of Foreign Affairs Jan Masaryk Independent 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister for Economic Recovery Jaromír Nečas Czechoslovak Social Democratic Worker's Party 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister of Finance Eduard Outrata Independent 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister of the Interior Juraj Slávik Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister of Minority Affairs Milan Hodža Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister of Social Welfare František Němec Czechoslovak Social Democratic Worker's Party 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister without Portfolio
(In charge of the Supreme Court of Audit Office)
Ján Bečko Czechoslovak Social Democratic Worker's Party 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister without Portfolio
(Minister of Commerce, Industry and Trade)
Rudolf Mlčoch Czechoslovak Traders' Party 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister without Portfolio Štefan Osuský Independent 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister without Portfolio Hubert Ripka Czechoslovak National Socialist Party 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946
Minister without Portfolio Ján Lichner Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants 18 November 1938 – 15 May 1946

Armed Forces

See also


  1. REDIRECT Template:WFAC - World War II

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