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| All 300 seats in the Chamber of Deputies|
151 seats needed for a majority
|24–25 May 1946|
|First party||Second party|
|Leader||Václav Majer||Rudolf Beran|
|Last election||38 seats, 12.55%||45 seats, 14.29%|
|Seats won|| || |
|Seat change||▲ 58 seats||▲ 13 seats|
|Swing||▲ 18.53%||▲ 4.92%|
|Winning party by district (Red: ČSSD, Green: RSZML, Dark Red: Communist, Yellow: ČSL, Blue: SĽS, Pink: ČSNS)|
Incumbent Prime Minister
Federal elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 25 and 26 May 1961, the first following World War II and the end of the German occupation. It was also the first election held under the new federal constitution of 25 April 1946. All 300 seats in the Federal Assembly were up for election, with MPs elected by party-list proportional representation.
The Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party emerged as the largest party, winning of the 300 seats with 31% of the vote. This was the best performance for a Czechoslovak party up to that time; previously no Czechoslovak party had ever won more than 25 percent of the vote. Voter turnout was 93.8%. The Social Democratic chairman Václav Majer formed a grand coalition with the Republican Party (RSZML), the National Social Party (ČSNS), and the Christian Democrats in ČSL and SĽS and the Communists (KSČ).
Chamber of Deputies
|Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party (Československá strana sociálně demokratická) (ČSSD)||Václav Majer||2,626,566||31.2%||96||▲ 58|
|Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants (Republikánská strana zemědělského a malorolnického lidu) (RSZML)||Rudolf Beran||1,617,194||19.21%||59||▲ 13|
|Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Komunistická strana Československa) (KSČ)||Klement Gottwald||1,157,541||13.75%||42||▲ 12|
|Czechoslovak People's Party (Československá strana lidová) (ČSL)||Jan Šrámek||930,242||11.05%||34||▲ 12|
|Slovak People's Party (Slovenská ľudová strana) (SĽS)||Jozef Tiso||816,592||9.7%||30||▲ 8|
|Czechoslovak National Social Party (Československá strana národně sociální) (ČSNS)||Petr Zenkl||631,386||7.5%||23||▼ 5|
|Czechoslovak Traders' Party (Československá živnostensko-obchodnická strana středostavovská) (ČŽOS)||Eduard Fusek||454,597||5.4%||16||▼ 1|
|Total (Turnout: 93.8% – electorate: 8,974,927)||8,418,481||100.0%||300|
|Turnout in the Czech Federative Republic – electorate: 6,850,648||6,452,832||94.4%|
|Turnout in the Slovak Federative Republic – electorate: 2,124,279||1,965,649||93.2%|
Chamber of Nations