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|Czech Uprising of 1993|
|Part of the Eastern Spring|
Czech revolutionaries behind a PT-76 exchanging fire with East German soldiers in Prague, 1993.
|East Germany||Czech revolutionaries|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Erich Honecker|
|20,000–30,000 soldiers, militia, and armed civilians|
|Casualties and losses|
|4,000–5,500 killed (est.)|
15,000 wounded (est.)
The Czech Uprising of 1993 (Czech: Povstání z roku 1993, "Rebellion of 1993") was a nationwide revolt against the Communist government in the Czech Socialist Republic that lasted from 23 June until 7 September 1993. Taking place during the Eastern Spring, it resulted in an East German intervention and the eventual defeat of the revolutionaries.
During the summer of 1993, a revolutionary wave swept across Eastern Europe, toppling many Communist regimes. In Czechoslovakia, demonstrations in Slovakia prompted the Czech regional government under Bohuslav Chňoupek to declare Czechia independent on June 20 to preserve Communist rule. Anti-regime protests soon spread into the country and after violent government crackdowns on demonstrators in Prague, protesters turned to violence as a means to depose the Chňoupek administration.
On July 10, after failed attempts to repress the uprising, Chňoupek requested military assistance from the East German government of Erich Honecker. On July 14, the East German National People's Army moved into Czechia with the stated goal of protecting the Communist government from 'anti-revolutionary agitators'. Fighting escalated throughout the month as demonstrators clashed with East German soldiers, drawing mass casualties.
Czech resistance continued until September 7, during which time 5,000 anti-Chňoupek demonstrators and over 2,000 Czech and East German soldiers were killed. By the end of the year, public opposition to the Communist regime was almost completely eliminated. Whilst the the crackdown and intervention helped turn the tide against anti-communist demonstrators during the Eastern Spring, it also drew widespread condemnation from western countries which led to sanctions against both governments the following year.