The Kingdom of Cyrenaica (Arabic: المملكة برقة, Al-Mamlakah Barqah), colloquially known as Cyrenaica (برقة, Barqah), is a sovereign state located in North Africa. Originally a part of neighboring Libya, Cyrenaica declared their independence in 2012 as part of the ongoing Libyan Civil War. With strong backing by the European Union and the United States, the nation re-established itself as a monarchy under the former Senussi Dynasty.
The historic province of Cyrenaica became a hotbed for revolution in 2001 as part of the broader Arab Spring protests. The subsequent civil war between rebels and the forces of Muammar Gaddafi resulted in an United Nations-backed no-fly zone over Libya (enforced by the European Union, the Soviet Union, and the United States). After a year of fighting, a stalemate was established, with rebels holding onto Cyrenaica and Gaddafi holding onto the west. Following a coup d'état (headed by Gaddafi's son, Mutassim Gaddafi), the new Libyan government began the process of establishing a ceasefire. Since 2012, Libya has partially recognized the independence of Cyrenaica, though still considers it a part of Libya.
Cyrenaica is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The King of Cyrenaica is Mohammed El Senussi, who is the grandson of the former King of Libya, Idris I. Despite emulating the historic Kingdom of Libya, the current leadership of Cyrenaica have established a Westminster system (on par with the United Kingdom). The Parliament of Cyrenaica consists of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate (which are modeled on the British House of Commons and House of Lords, respectively). The House of Representatives are democratically elected, with Ahmed al-Senussi (who is also a member of the Senussi family) being Prime Minister.