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Principia Moderni III
Hospitaller forces after the conclusion of the Second Cypriot War.
|First Cypriot War||Kingdom of Cyprus|
|Commanders and leaders|
| John VIII Palaiologos ||King Janus Lusignan (POW)|
The Cypriot Wars were a series of wars by the Roman Empire in order to regain control over the island of Cyprus, which had been a crusader state since the 12th century. The population of Cyprus was primarily Greek, so the Roman Empire figured that such an expansion was only natural. Furthermore, the city of Famagusta was Roman since the Second Roman-Genoan War, providing a fortified foothold on the island for Roman forces.
The First Cypriot War was planned between the militaries of the Roman Empire and its ally Naples, who was eager in expanding its trading influence in the eastern Mediterranean as well as helping to empower one of its allies. However, do to a lack of proper communication, the coordination of the two armies was not as it should have been, resulting in a loss. Cypriot forced under King Janus defeated the Neapolitan forces in the south before beating back the Romans in the north. The Cypriots followed up with a siege of Famagusta, but were unable to storm or starve the city in part due to the Knights Hospitaller, ending in a draw.
The Second Cypriot War was much a repeat of the First, although there were several numerable changes since the First. Naples was convinced of the folly of invading the island and backed down from making a second attempt, while the Knights Hospitaller increased their resolve in taking the island as a potential base for targeting the Levant. Using their connections, the Knights Hospitaller were able to bring in Castilian support for the war as well, largely for the same reasons as Naples in the first war. Under pressure from the three armies, the Kingdom of Cyprus capitulated and King Janus was captured by Roman forces. Despite Roman involvement in the war, the island was split between the Castilians and the Knights Hospitaller. Shortly after, however, the Knights Hospitaller, suffering from financial difficulties, bequeathed the island to the new Kingdom of Spain, ushering in a new era of Spanish domination over the island for the next fifty years.