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The Cygnian federal executive ministries are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the Cygnian Federal Government – the Ministries for Foreign Affairs, War, and the Treasury all having been established within a few weeks of each other in 1792.

All ministries are led by two individuals, both nominated by the Chancellor, but appointed by different entities. Ministers are legislators – that is, Members of Congress – appointed by the Emperor upon nomination by the Chancellor to represent their respective ministries in His Majesty's Cabinet, an executive organ that acts as an advisory body to the Chancellor and the Government. On the other hand, Ministerial secretaries – who are the chief executives of their ministries and hold seniority in this respect to the Ministers, even though they are not members of the Cabinet – are public servants nominated by the Chancellor and confirmed by the Senate. Secretarial nominees are expected to be experienced and competent in the field for which their ministry operates. A Minister cannot concurrently be a Secretary, and vice versa, as the Constitution prohibits Members of Congress from holding positions in the Cygnian Civil Service.

Executive Ministries of the present

All ministries are listed by their present-day name.

Ministry
Creation
Notes 2017 Outlays
in billions
of pounds
Employees
Foreign Affairs 1792 197.4 48,500
Treasury 1792 183.7 89,639
Justice 1792 Originally named the "Attorney-General's Ministry" 81.8 89,532
Agriculture and Resources 1889 54.33 7,259
Commerce 1903 Originally named the "Ministry of Commerce and Labour"; Labour later separated 115.77 43,880
Employment 1913 Initially named the "Ministry of Labour" 137.97 17,347
Veterans' Affairs 1917 Originally known as the "Ministry of Repatriation" 45.62 5,723
Health and Human Services 1921 182.35 67,000
Communications and the Arts 1943 Originally named the "Ministry of Communications" 68.29 18,692
Defence 1947 Created by the National Security Act of 1947 from a merger of the Ministries of the Army, Navy and Air Force 580.48 2,854,300
Social Services 1965 140.59 7,820
Infrastructure 1966 83.34 6,235
Environment 1970 137.25 12,360
Chancellor and Cabinet 1971 Minister responsible is the Chancellor 0.147 10,000
Energy 1972 150.31 4,487
Home Affairs 1975 134.2 8,506
Education 1989 First formed in 1867, but was dissolved and succeeded by the Ministry of Information and Education in 1934. This ministry was divided into the Ministries of Education and Communication in 1943. The second Ministry of Education became the Ministry of Education and Youth Affairs in 1955. The current Ministry of Family and Youth Affairs was separated in 1989. 228.5 40,000
Industry and Science 2009 Separated from Ministry of Education 138.97 25,340
Total outlays, employees: 2,661.017B 3,356,620

Seals

Ministries of the past

Ministry
Dates of operation
Notes
Ministry of War 1792 – 1918 Split into the Ministry of the Army and Ministry of the Air Force after the creation of the Cygnian Imperial Air Force
Ministry of Commerce and Labour 1903 – 1913 Split into the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Labour
Ministry of the Army 1918 – 1947 Merged into the Ministry of Defence under the National Security Act of 1947
Ministry of the Navy 1798 – 1947
Ministry of the Air Force 1918 – 1947
Ministry of Information and Education 1934 – 1943 Split into the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Communications
Ministry of Education and Youth Affairs 1955 – 1989 Split into the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Family and Youth Affairs
Ministry of the Chancellor 1911 – 1971 Merged into the Ministry of the Chancellor and Cabinet
Ministry of the Cabinet 1968 – 1971