The Cygnian federal executive ministries are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the Cygnian Federal Government – the Ministries for Foreign Affairs, War, and the Treasury all having been established within a few weeks of each other in 1792.
All ministries are led by two individuals, both nominated by the Chancellor, but appointed by different entities. Ministers are legislators – that is, Members of Congress – appointed by the Emperor upon nomination by the Chancellor to represent their respective ministries in His Majesty's Cabinet, an executive organ that acts as an advisory body to the Chancellor and the Government. On the other hand, Ministerial secretaries – who are the chief executives of their ministries and hold seniority in this respect to the Ministers, even though they are not members of the Cabinet – are public servants nominated by the Chancellor and confirmed by the Senate. Secretarial nominees are expected to be experienced and competent in the field for which their ministry operates. A Minister cannot concurrently be a Secretary, and vice versa, as the Constitution prohibits Members of Congress from holding positions in the Cygnian Civil Service.
Since 1975, by statutory specification, the cabinet constituted a line of succession to the Chancellorship, after the Speaker of the House and President of the Senate, in the event of a vacancy in both the Chancellorship and Vice Chancellorship.
Executive Ministries of the present
All ministries are listed by their present-day name.
The order of succession includes:
- the Vice Chancellor as the first in line;
- the Speaker of the House; and
- the President of the Senate.
| Ministry|| Creation|| Order of|
|Notes|| 2016 Outlays|
|Justice||1792||7||Originally named the "Attorney-General's Ministry"||11.8||89,532|
|Agriculture and Resources||1889||9||14.33||7,259|
|Commerce||1903||10||Originally named the "Ministry of Commerce and Labour"; Labour later separated||15.77||43,880|
|Workforce Development||1913||11||Initially named the "Ministry of Labour"||137.97||17,347|
|Veterans' Affairs||1917||12||Originally known as the "Ministry of Repatriation"||5.62||5,723|
|Communications and the Arts||1943||14||Originally named the "Ministry of Communications"||28.29||18,692|
|Defence||1947||6||Created by the National Security Act of 1947 from a merger of the Ministries of the Army, Navy and Air Force||580.48||2,854,300|
|Housing and Urban Development||1965||15||15.59||7,820|
|Chancellor and Cabinet||1971||–||Is not included in line of succession as minister responsible is the Chancellor||0.147||10,000|
|Immigration and Border Protection||1975||19||34.2||8,506|
|Education||1989||8||First formed in 1867, but was dissolved and succeeded by the Ministry of Information and Education in 1934. This ministry was divided into the Ministries of Education and Communication in 1943. The second Ministry of Education became the Ministry of Education and Youth Affairs in 1955. The current Ministry of Family and Youth Affairs was separated in 1989.||77.5||40,000|
|Family and Youth Affairs||1989||20||12.73||4,298|
|Infrastructure||2013||21||Separated from the Ministry of Transportation||10.77||2,739|
|Total outlays, employees:||1,179.547B||3,338,317|
- Note: In the Cygnian cancellarial line of succession, the Minister for Defence precedes the Attorney General. This is because the Ministry of Defence uses the Ministry of War's creation date as its own. The Minister for Education precedes the Minister for Agriculture and Resources because the Ministry of Education uses the date of its first creation (1867) as its own.
Ministries of the past
| Ministry|| Dates of operation||Notes|
|Ministry of War||1792 – 1918||Split into the Ministry of the Army and Ministry of the Air Force after the creation of the Cygnian Imperial Air Force|
|Ministry of Commerce and Labour||1903 – 1913||Split into the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Labour|
|Ministry of the Army||1918 – 1947||Merged into the Ministry of Defence under the National Security Act of 1947|
|Ministry of the Navy||1798 – 1947|
|Ministry of the Air Force||1918 – 1947|
|Ministry of Information and Education||1934 – 1943||Split into the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Communications|
|Ministry of Education and Youth Affairs||1955 – 1989||Split into the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Family and Youth Affairs|
|Ministry of the Chancellor||1911 – 1971||Merged into the Ministry of the Chancellor and Cabinet|
|Ministry of the Cabinet||1968 – 1971|