The Cygnian federal executive ministries are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the Cygnian Federal Government – the Ministries for Foreign Affairs, War, and the Treasury all having been established within a few weeks of each other in 1792.
All ministries are led by two individuals, both nominated by the Chancellor, but appointed by different entities. Ministers are legislators – that is, Members of Congress – appointed by the Emperor upon nomination by the Chancellor to represent their respective ministries in His Majesty's Cabinet, an executive organ that acts as an advisory body to the Chancellor and the Government. On the other hand, Ministerial secretaries – who are the chief executives of their ministries and hold seniority in this respect to the Ministers, even though they are not members of the Cabinet – are public servants nominated by the Chancellor and confirmed by the Senate. Secretarial nominees are expected to be experienced and competent in the field for which their ministry operates. A Minister cannot concurrently be a Secretary, and vice versa, as the Constitution prohibits Members of Congress from holding positions in the Cygnian Civil Service.
Executive Ministries of the present
All ministries are listed by their present-day name.