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Empire of the United Cygnian States
Timeline: Joan of What?
OTL equivalent: Western Australia, Indonesia
Flag of Cygnia with 10 stars 1946 — present
Flag of Cygnia.png Great Seal of Cygnia.png
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
Semper Eadem (Latin)
"Ever the Same"
Anthem: 
The Song of Cygnia
Song of Australia - The Royal Australian Navy Band

Royal anthem: 
God Save the King
United States Navy Band - God Save the Queen

Cygnia-map.png
Territorial extent of Cygnia
Capital
(and largest city)
Swanstone
Official languages English
Recognised
regional languages
Melayu, Javanese, Chinese, Aboriginal languages
Religion 33.5% Christianity
30.7% Islam
2.5% Buddhism
1.3% Hinduism
1.2% Other religions
22.3% No religion
9.4% Not stated or unclear
Demonym Cygnian
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor Alexander III
 -  Chancellor Dorian Brandt (DLP)
 -  President of the Senate Sue Lines (DLP)
 -  Speaker of the House of Representatives Anna Burke (DLP)
 -  Chief Justice Susan Kiefel
Legislature Imperial Congress
 -  Upper house Imperial Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Establishment
 -  New Holland 4 July 1614 
 -  Anglo-Dutch War 1664 — 1668 
 -  War of Independence 1784 — 1792 
 -  Declaration of Independence 3 April 1792 
 -  Hellerist coup 3 May 1933 
 -  World War III 1938 — 1946 
 -  Cygnian Revolution 3 March — 8 April 1943 
 -  Constitution Day 18 February 1946 
 -  Inauguration of Ellory I 5 May 1946 
Area
 -  Total 5,709,274 km2 
2,204,363 sq mi 
 -  Contiguous 4,986,585 km2
Population
 -  2016 estimate 353,022,383 
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total §18.558 trillion (2nd)
 -  Per capita §52,569 (14th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 -  Total §18.558 trillion (1st)
 -  Per capita §52,569 (6th)
Gini (2012) 33.6
medium (19th)
HDI (2015) 0.939
very high (2nd)
Currency Cygnian Sovereign (CYS)
Time zone Western Standard Time (WST; UTC +8)
Central Standard Time (CST; UTC +9)
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the Left
Internet TLD .cy
Calling code +61

Cygnia, officially the Empire of the United Cygnian States, is a country comprising the two western thirds of the Australasian continent, Samudra, Java and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's seventh-largest country by total area. Cygnia shares its only land border with Australie; Malaya also lies to the north. Cygnia's capital and largest city is Swanstone. Other metropolitan areas include Theodora, Alexandria, Carnarvon, Broome, Augusta, Darwin, Singapore and Port Adelaide.

For about 50,000 years before the first European settlement in the early 17th century, Australasia was inhabited by indigenous Australasians, who spoke languages grouped into roughly 250 language groups. After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, the colony of New Holland, encompassing much of what is today southwestern Cygnia, was claimed by the Dutch Republic in 1614. In 1650, the United Kingdom also began to colonise western Australasia, creating the colonies of Christstone and Carnarvon in 1650 and 1662. Britain in 1668 also gained possession of New Holland after their victory in the Anglo-Dutch War, and the territory's capital of New Rotterdam, now Swanstone, became the most-populated city in the British colonies in Australasia. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional four self-governing crown colonies were established. In 1783, the British government was overthrown by French revolutionaries; King Alexander II fled to the loyal Cygnian colonies, federating the six colonies and establishing a government-in-exile based from Swanstone. In 1785, Alexander II declared Cygnia's independence from France. This independence was tested and confirmed in the Cygnian War of Independence from 1784 to 1792. Following the signing of the Treaty of London which ended the war, the Constitutional Convention of 1792 assembled to create the Imperial Constitution, the ratification of which resulted in the proclamation of the Empire of Cygnia and Alexander I's coronation as its first Emperor.

Since federation and independence, Cygnia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal constitutional monarchy today comprising 18 states and several territories. The population of 353 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the coast.

Cygnia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 3rd-largest economy. In 2014 Cygnia had the world's sixth-highest per capita income. Cygnia's military expenditure is the world's largest. With the second-highest human development index globally, Cygnia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Cygnia is a founding member of the United Nations, and also holds membership in the G8, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organisation, APTO, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Pacific Islands Forum.

Name

The name Cygnia is derived from the Latin Cygnis ("swan"); the name was devised and chosen in 1784 when the colonies federated. It was created in homage to the unique black swans native to Cygnia. Prior to Federation, the colonies were referred to collectively as the Australasias or as British Australasia.

History

Prehistory

Human habitation of the Australasian continent is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago, possibly with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia. These first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australasians. At the time of European settlement in the late 18th century, most Indigenous Australasians were hunter-gatherers, with a complex oral culture and spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreaming. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists and hunter-gatherers. The northern coasts and waters of Australasia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia.

European arrival

The first recorded European sighting of the Australasian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australasian continent, are attributed to the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. He sighted the southwest of what is today Cygnia is early 1606, and made landfall on 26 February at the Swan River. The Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines and named the island continent "New Holland" during the 17th century. In 1614, the Dutch Republic officially laid claim on the continent when Janszoon was sent with a colonial fleet; the colony of New Rotterdam was claimed on the Swan River. A camp was set up and the flag raised on 4 July 1614. Expansion south began, which resulted in the establishment of the colonies of Willemania and Janszoonsburg, both of which no longer exist.

A British settlement was established in Christstone, now known as Theodora, in 1650. The United Kingdom established Carnarvon several hundred kilometres south twelve years later. Britain lay a conflicting claim to the entire continent in 1663, beginning attempts to establish other colonies. This dispute was one of several which resulted in the Anglo-Dutch War, which broke out in 1664.

During the war, the British occupied the New Holland colonies, gradually overwhelming defending Dutch forces. The oldest and largest of these colonies, New Rotterdam, was renamed Swanstone and proclaimed a British colony; Willemania and Janszoonsburg were both destroyed by the British. After six years of war, the Anglo-Dutch War was ended in 1670 with the signing of the Treaty of Westminster, formally ceding New Holland to Britain. The surviving residents of the Dutch colonies were relocated to Van Diemen's Land as part of the Treaty.

After the United Kingdom secured dominance in Australasia, more colonies were carved out of the western two thirds of the continent. The settlement of Augusta was founded in 1675 on the ruins of Willemania; Alexandria in 1680 on those of Janszoonsburg; Broome in 1692; and Port Adelaide in 1700. In 1707 a Letters Patent was issued which established each of these cities as capitals of larger territories: Augusta became the capital of Cape Naturaliste, while Alexandria became that of Cape Leeuwin; Swanstone became the capital of Peel, and the settlements of Port Adelaide, Christstone and Broome were made the capitals of South Australasia, Pilbara and Kimberley respectively. In 1715 Cape Naturaliste and Cape Leeuwin were merged under the administration in Augusta into the single colony of the Capes.

The indigenous population, estimated to have been between 750,000 and 1,000,000 in 1606, declined for 150 years following settlement, mainly due to infectious disease. Thousands more died as a result of frontier conflict with settlers. A government policy of "assimilation" beginning with the Aboriginal Protection Act 1740 resulted in the removal of many Aboriginal children from their families and communities — often referred to as the Stolen Generations — a practice which may also have contributed to the decline in the indigenous population. This was stopped under the Chancellorship of Harrison Redford, who made the popular move to sign a treaty which began a long process of reconciliation and granted the Imperial government the power to legislate for Aboriginal Cygnians. Traditional ownership of land was also recognised in the treaty.

Colonial expansion

Between 1765 and 1780, the six colonies individually gained responsible government, managing most of their own affairs while remaining part of the British Empire. The Colonial Office in London retained control of some matters, notably foreign affairs, defence, and international shipping.

French Revolution

On 5 May 1781, the French Revolution began. The Revolution was to be the end of the United Kingdom and the British Empire. Violence rapidly spread throughout the core realms of Britain, and on 14 July 1781 the King of the United Kingdom, Alexander II, was forced to concede to the French revolutionaries' demands to move the royal court to Paris, thereby making France the centre of the United Kingdom, and not England. The National Constituent Assembly of France replaced the Parliament of the United Kingdom as the British legislature, and the Marquis de Lafayette became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Popular support in the Australasian colonies was thoroughly against the governmental change, and the colonial governments were wary of the new French government. Anticipating a move by France to secure its dominance over British Australasia, the six colonial governors met in Swanstone on 6 October 1781 and drafted the first version of what would become the Proclamation of Federation. In this early draft, the governors planned to declare the unification of the Australasian colonies, and also the immediate independence of the new nation. However, the governors also elected to wait for a period of two years (unless an emergency unification was required), in case the situation in Britain improved.

On 20 June 1782 the King, increasingly dismayed by the disintegration of royal power, fled with the rest of the royal family from the Palace of Versailles, disguised as servants, and made their way to Marseilles. From there, the royal party embarked on a Royal Navy vessel and immediately set sail for British Australasia. The ship arrived in Swanstone in April 1783, and the King was welcomed amid cries of "God Save the King!" and "Long live Britannia!"

The colonial governors, upon hearing of the King's arrival, assembled once again in Swanstone to present to the King the draft proclamation. After editing it to include the King in the new federal government and creating a government-in-exile instead of an independent republic, the proclamation was approved by the Privy Council — composed of the governors — and thereafter it was published, officially federating the six colonies into the Kingdom of Cygnia.

Independence and expansion

World War I

Industrialisation

World War II, Great Depression and World War III

Cold War and civil rights era

Contemporary history

Administrative divisions

Map of the Cygnian States coloured

A map of Cygnia with state and territorial borders

Cygnia is divided into 18 States, 5 Territories and 1 Imperial City. Each has a state/territorial capital.

  • States
    • Auralia (AU) — Esperance
    • Campbell (CA) — Port Adelaide
    • The Capes (CP) — Augusta
    • Gascoyne (GA) — Carnarvon
    • Central Java (CJ) — Semarang
    • East Java (EJ) — Surabaya
    • West Java (WJ) — Bandung
    • Jayakarta (JA) — Jayakarta City
    • Kaleep (KA) — Darwin
    • Kimberley (KI) — Derby
    • New Cambridgeshire (NC) — Geraldton
    • Peel (PE) — Fremantle
    • Pilbara (PI) — Theodora
    • Samudra (SA) — Medan
    • Singapore (SG) — Singapore City
    • Solonia (SO) — Surakarta
    • West Kimberley (WK) — Broome
    • Yogyakarta (YO) — Yogyakarta City
  • Territories
    • Bali (BL) — Denpasar
    • Flores (FL) — Maumere
    • Moluccas (ML) — Ambon
    • Sumba (SU) — Waingapu
    • Sumbawa (SM) — Mataram
  • Imperial City of Swanstone

Empress Alexis Land

EAL-CYG-GoN

Empress Alexis Land (EAL) is Cygnia's Antarctic territory, claimed for the Empire by Sir Harold Hawkins, named after Empress Alexis of Cygnia, the Empress consort of Theodore III. The largest settlement in Empress Alexis Land is Hawkins Station, which is manned by at least 4,000 scientists year-round, though this is not considered a permanent population. Other Antarctic research stations in Empress Alexis Land include Fitzgerald, Blighton, Weston, New Creswick and Mineira Stations. Most of Cygnia's Antarctic stations are concentrated around Princess Arielle Bay, named after Princess Arielle, Theodore III's youngest daughter.

Name in other languages

The following are the full and common names of the Cygnian Empire in major regional languages.

  • Melayu: Kerajaan Serikat Cygnia
  • Javanese: Kerajaan Negara Cygnia
  • French: Empire des l'États-Unis Cygniennes (Cygnie)
  • Dutch: Keizerrijk van de Verenigde Cygnische Staten (Cygnië)
  • Afrikaans: Kyserryk van die Verenigde State van Cygnië (Cygnië)
  • German: Kaiserreich der Vereinigten Cygnischen Staaten (Cygnia)
  • Spanish: Imperio do los Estados Unidos Cygnianos (Cygnia)
  • Chinese: 喜哥哖合众帝国 (Xǐgēnián hé zhòng dìguó) (喜国, Xǐguó)
  • Japanese: シッグニャ合衆帝国 (Shiggunya Gasshūteikoku) (シッグニャ, Shiggunya; 喜国, Kikoku)
  • Russian: Империя Сигнийский Соединённые Штаты (Imperiya Signiyskiy Soyedinonnyye Shtaty) (Сигния, Signiya)
  • Latin: Imperium Civitatis Foederatae Cygniae

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