Before 1902, the Republic of Cuba is a short-lived nation when Cuba seceded from US rule in 1902 in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War that took Cuba from Spanish rule in 1898 until the Swedish conquest of Cuba. Cuban independence from the United States was guaranteed in the Platt Amendment proposed to the United States Congress in 1901. It was officially a representative democracy though at times it became controlled by a military junta. After shortly its independence, The Swedish Conquest of Cuba started while Swedish president going to Caribbean. This ends a massive Swedish annexation of Cuba and become the first colony of Sweden.