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Cuba (CU) is a US state located in the Caribbean and is the largest island in the Greater Antilles island chain. Cuba is separated from the rest of the United States by the ninety-miles of the Peninsular Strait, under which runs the recently completed East Florida-Cuba Transit Tunnel – a high-speed rail line linking Key West in East Florida with San Carlos in Cuba – frequently dubbed the 'American Chunnel'. At roughly a hundred miles in length (with ninety miles under the waters of the Peninsular Strait), the EF-CTT is the longest undersea tunnel in the world, at nearly three times the length of the Columbia-Washington Juan de Fuca Tunnel and Europe's Channel Tunnel.
Admitted to the Union as the 39th state on August 2, 1874, Cuba was acquired from Spain through the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819, which also officially transferred East Florida and the remainder of West Florida to American control and defined the western extent of the Louisiana Purchase. Cuba is the 5th largest state in the US, with a population of 20.2 million, behind Luzon, Texas, South California, and North California, and is one of only four states where Spanish is an official second language (the others being Santo Domingo, Panama and Puerto Rico), due to the state's majority Hispanic population of 55.4%.
Cuba is subdivided into seventeen counties, which are listed below in order of population.
|7||Trinidad County||Pearl City||1,507,000|
|11||Santa Cruz County||Santa Cruz||600,000|
|12||San Carlos County||San Carlos||350,000|
|13||Bay County||Punta Gorda||300,000|
|14||Pinar del Rio County||San Cristobal||270,000|
|15||San Lucia County||Columbus||210,000|
|16||San Antonio County||Pinewood||200,000|
|17||Isla County||Santa Fe||121,500|