In Brazil, the Crown Jewels are historic ceremonial objects, including the regalia and vestments worn by kings and queens at their coronation ceremony, and objects which belonged to royals and were bequeathed to the posterity. The collection is made up of crowns, scepters, orbs, swords, robes, necklaces, rings, tiaras and diadems, as well as many other priceless objects. Far more than gold and precious stones, they are potent symbols of the monarchy.
A number of items are still used at coronations, the State Opening of the Congress, royal apparitions and a few other state occasions. Some pieces were only designed to be used once or fell to disuse, such as most of the crowns.
When not in use, the jewels are on public display, mainly in the Jewel Section, in the Royal Museum, Rio de Janeiro or the Museum of the Crown, in Brasilia, where they are seen by over four million visitors from across the world every year. Although they are part of the Royal Collection, held in trust by King Marco II for his successors and the nation, the Crown Jewels do not belong to the monarch personally.
The Monarch's Regalia
Crowns, Diadems and Tiaras
While some of the crowns are used by every monarch, others have been made especially for monarchs and consorts. Diadems and tiaras are used only by female monarchs and consorts
Historical Crowns and Diadems
Coronation Crown or Crown of Pedro I
Crown of the Harpy
Imperial Crown of King Felipe
Crown of Queen Theodora
Crown of Queen Christina
The Imperial Crowns are the collection of crowns that represented the monarch's authority over the seven Imperial Realms of the Brazilic Empire, as well as the Brazilic Empire as a whole.
Three historical swords are regarded as being part of the Crown Jewels. The Sword of Justice, the Sword of Meiji and the Sword of the Dragon.
The Sword of Justice is the Brazilian state sword, it represents the monarch's royal authority and is used by the monarch on ceremonial occasions such as the State Opening of the National Congress.
The Sword of Meiji is an ornamental sword given by the young Emperor Meiji of Japan to King Pedro II during his visit to Japan in 1877 as part his world tour, as a symbol of Brazilian-Japanese friendship and mutual respect. King Pedro II was the first foregin monarch to visit Japan.The Sword of the Dragon is an ornamental sword given by Emperor Guangxu of China to the Crown Prince Felipe during his visit to China as part of the Prince Felipe and Princess Theodora's world tour in 1890.