Croatia is a sovereign ban republic in the Balkans which was granted its sovereignty with the Treaty of Cluj-Napoca. Following that event, Croatia became an essential part of Europe due to its heavy involvement in many wars, including the two wars against Austria, the Fall of Hungary and the War of the Grand Coalition. With a population over 50,000 (including all nations affected by the personal union), it is also one of the most populous nations in Eastern Europe, sometimes being referred to as the Wall of Europe due to the fact that most land routes connecting Eastern and Western Europe go through Croatia or one of the nations which it has indirect control of.
The Croats, a Slavic tribe, arrived in what is now known as Croatia in the 7th century, after which they begin to create small states. The Croatian Kingdom is born around 925, during the reign of Tomislav. Its peak was reached during the reign of Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir. In 1102, it entered a personal union with Hungary. Because of the Hungarian succession crisis, Croatia also changed its dynasty often until the rule of Sigismund of Luxembourg
The reign of the House of Luxembourg brought prosperity and peace to the kingdom, albeit at the price of freedom and sovereignty. Many privileges promised by the Pacta Conventa were ignored as well as the two golden bulls of Andrew II and Bela IV. The Croatian nation was under influence of Magyarization and the culture suffered.
With the decline of the Hungarian power and the loss of Poland, Croatia was able to gain sovereignty in the late 1530s through the War of Hungarian Reduction, led by Poland, Romania and the Roman Empire. After the Treaty of Cluj-Napoca also called the Liberation Treaty (Povelja Oslobađanja), the independent Kingdom of Croatia was restored and a member of the cadet branch of the Trpimirović Dynasty from Montenegro took up the crown under the name of Petar Krešimir V. During the rule of the renewed Trpimirovićs Croatia prospered economically and through the help of Ivan Nelipić it also became more united due to the decrease of the nobility's power. In the 1560s Croatia entered the war against Austria, fighting alongside the Spaniards and the Romans. After a decisive victory, Croatia gained the Knyazdom of Slovenia as a vassal. Due to a portion of the Croatian forces occupying Trieste in order to weaken the Austrian naval power, many stayed which led to the creation of an interim government ruled by Ivan Nelipić, who was appointed by his son Božidar. His son married the Queen, daughter of the previous King. Božidar became Prince Consort, which soon led to his wife transferring the power to him. He then proclaimed himself absolute ruler of Croatia, which led the population to rejoice as it meant the coming of a new age for the Croats. Soon ending the economic crisis through numerous new mines, improved agricultural techniques and increased trade, Božidar declared the annexation of the Knyazdom of Trst by the Kingdom after the two nations entered a personal union due to Ivan passing the title of Knyaz to his son.
Croatia continued developing, conquering parts of Hungary, Austria and Slovakia as well as reforming the Czardom into the Bajandom, creating an elective parliamentary monarchy, which increased the stability of the nation. As Poland and Czechia became part of the Bajandom after two bloody wars, Croatia grew to a regional power and the most powerful Slavic nation during that time period, with its only adversary in that regard being Pskov, which later lost its "Slavic" purity by uniting with Germanic nations.
The 18th century began relatively peacefully, however, during 1739 Croatia joined the war against Hispania. Known as the largest war ever to be fought, it was fought on all continents touched by the European culture. Although Croatia did not gain any new territory, it did gain the vassal of Hercules' Pillars, giving it power over the Mediterranean, while the Adriatic, which was supposed to become Mare Nostrum came under full controll of Rome, a decision heavily regretted by the Croats.
The Croatian government is a Ban Republic, meaning that the head of government and the head of the state are combined in the position of the Ban. The parliament, dubbed Sabor, serves as the legislative branch and the Council of Seven or Sud Sedmorice handles the judiciary branch
The name of the title comes from the Avar name Bayan, which then turned in Ban during the early days of the Croat rule in the region.
The Ban serves as the representative of Croatia, the commander-in-chief of the military and as the head of the executive branch, he signs or vetoes bills passed by the Sabor.
During the ascension of a person as the Ban, he can employ a large amount of people, and also fire a large amount of staff. This primarily affects people who were entrusted with political/administrative jobs, and does not necessarily include staff employed for maintenance (i.e. gardeners, cleaners etc.). Nonetheless, the Ban employs with advice and consent of the Sabor.
He also retains the power to nominate potential candidates for the Council of Seven which are then confirmed by the Sabor through a two thirds majority
The Sabor is the parliament of the Ban Republic. Since it has power over the whole Croat sphere, the number of its members has significantly increased. However, following the change of government in the years of 1890 and 1891, the Sabor's structure and size change once more.
There are five different parties in the Sabor currently. The first are the Royalists, who advocate a return to the original monarchy, with the Trpimirović family, currently led by Petar Krešimir VII. under guidance of his father Stjepan Gojslav III. both of whom claim the throne of Croatia, albeit Gojslav III. seems to have become a gray eminence following his son's ascension as the face of the dynasty. The Royalists believe in a constitutional monarchy which would serve as a balance between tradition and rights of the poeple. The Transitional Communists are the de facto creators of the current Croat nation-state and declare themselves a medium between the ideals of communism and the will of the people. Republicans are a pro-Ragusan party, aiming to bring about the return of the maritime republics government, with an aristocratic/oligarchich rule. Confederationalists aim to create the Confederation of Croatia, which each geopolitical region having large amounts of autonomy. The regions are Dalmatia, Pannonia Maior and Pannonia Minor, Slavonia, Vojvodina, Bosnia, Kosovo, Serbia, Montenegro and Istria. The communists strive to achieve a similar goal as their Transitional brethren, however, their lack of popularity slows them down heavily. One of the main reasons they have seats in the Parliament is that the funding by the Communist nations allows them to abuse the greed of the minority.
Council of Seven
The Bajanate is divided into sub-national entities called Banates and Podbanates. Banates and Podbanates are further divided onto entities called Županija (Plural: Županije). The Bans and Podbans are elected by the Saborčić (Little Sabor) which is the legislative body of Banates and Podbanates. The Bans and Podbans must be confirmed by the Bajan.
The Croatian army is able to muster one hundred thousand foot soldiers, sixty thousand cavaliers at any time. This minimum has been set out by King Petar Krešimir V, who, during his early life, had access to the book De Administrando Imperio in which it is stated that these numbers were available as early as 925.
The Naval forces of Croatia consist of 200 previously Hungarian ships. These ships are by far more advanced than the Croatian-built ships which are, as of 1535, being disassembled and replaced with newer ones. Through the aid of the Britannic naval officers, the Croatian Navy or Hrvatska ratna mornarica (HRM) has developed its ability and through trade across the Mediterranean the adaptability to longer journeys has been created.