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Crimea (Qırım Halq Cumhuriyeti), formally known as the Crimean Peoples' Republic, is a state located in eastern Europe, taking up the entirety of the Crimean Peninsula. The nation only borders the Ukraine, although it shares a maritime border with Russia. It is one of the few Muslim-majority nations in Europe, and also was one of the first secular Muslim nations in the world along with Azerbaijan.
The Crimean Peoples' Republic was declared by the Qurultay of the Crimean Tatars, though advocating for equality among all Tatars. It was the first Tatar state since the Kazan Khanate, founded in the late 1430s. The Republic was also one of the first secular Muslim-majority states in the world, founded shortly before Azerbaijan. The country was divided into five counties; Yalta, Akmescit, Kefe, Kezlev, and Orkapy. Shortly before the communist coup d'état, the government created the All-Crimean Constitutional Assembly.
Bolshevik Coup D'etat
The Red Army captured Sevastopol on December 16, 1917, leading to the collapse of the first Crimean Peoples' Republic. Anarchist Ukraine also invaded the peninsula, hoping to found a short-term alliance with the communists and gain an advantage over capitalist Ukraine. To defend itself, the government created the United Crimean Headquarters on December 19, creating the Crimean military; however the Red Army managed to correct and execute former president Noman Çelebicihan. At the end of January, the Red Army captured the whole of Crimea, with some anarchist Ukrainian ports created on the western coast. A mass terror later engulfed Crimea, based primarily on ethnic cleansing. The Bolsheviks later established the Taurida SSR before the area was invaded by the Ukrainian Peoples' Republic and the Second Reich.
Freedom and Second Republic
In 1920, the White Army invaded the Crimean peninsula, hoping to gain an advantage in the Black Sea. The Red Army was already losing, and the loss of the Black Sea made them lose one of their remaining advantages in the civil war. On November 18, 1920, Crimea was freed and the Second Republic was proclaimed. In 1922, they requested an alliance with Azerbaijan due to them being both secular Muslim states. Russia also started diplomacy with them rather quickly, hoping to regain some advantage over the Black Sea. Overall, the 1920s were a prosperous decade for Crimea, the nation gaining much wealth and many allies. The Great Depression, however, hit the nation hard, Crimea wouldn't truly recover until after World War II.
Depression and Civil War
During the Great Depression, communist factions rose in southern Crimea, hoping to create a radical communist state in the peninsula, allied with communist Kamchatka. Kamchatka tried to send some troops to Crimea; although the distance between the two made it very hard. Overall, the war was an easy Crimean victory, lasting less than a year in 1934-1935, despite Soviet and Communist Chinese support. Numerous other attempted revolutions and coup d'etats occurred during the depression, although the government managed to remain somewhat stable.
Crimea and World War II
Crimea declared war on Germany along with Russia after their invasion of Poland on September 1st. In 1941, the Third Reich launched an invasion of Crimea hoping to completely annex the nation, despite Hitler clearly stating Crimean Tatars are "non-Aryan". Due to Germany's great distance from Crimea, and the nation's proximity to Russia, the invasion was mostly quelled although Germany took note of Genoan strategies from the 1300s and established a port town on the west coast of Crimea, Schwarzburg. Not too long afterward, in 1942, Crimea and Russia regained all of the nation. However, unknowing to most Crimeans, ethnic cleansing had occurred against the Tatars in Schwarzburg. After the entire peninsula was reunified in '42, Crimea situated most of its active troops in eastern Germany and Poland in attempt to weaken the Reich. It also played a pivotal role of ridding eastern Ukraine of anarchy. Crimea gained almost nothing out of the end-war treaties besides some former-anarchist Ukrainian land, although afterward it became a regional power.
After the end of the war and the rise of the USA as a world superpower, Crimea sought strategic relations with both the USA and the rising powers of Japan and Germany, in order to give it more of a strategic advantage over Europe. Crimea has had a very stable government ever since World War II, and it has been one of the most prosperous nations in the world. They have had a good history of human rights and have had a strong place in both the European and Middle Eastern worlds, advocating for peace and secularism. Crimean democracy has also influenced revolts for secularism and democracy in various middle eastern countries, such as helping overthrow Qatar's monarchy in the Qatari Revolution and trying to place limits on the power of Bahrain's monarchy. The nation also helped the Free Syrians and Kurds massively in the Syrian Civil War, and took in any lost refugees they could find, giving the country a respectable population of Arabs and Kurds. They also recognize Northern Cyprus as independent, ruining any relations with Cyprus they might have. Overall, Crimea is a great European power in its own right and has a stable government with great influence over the Middle East.
|1 January||New Year's Day|
|8 May||Victory Day||Surrender of the Third Reich|
|15 June||Election Day|
|13 December||Foundation Day||The date the CPR was founded|
|25 December||Christmas||Christian only, not a day off|
|Varies||Easter||Christian only, not a day off|
|10 Dhū al-Ḥijja||Eid al-Adha|
|1 Muharram||Islamic New Year|
- 63.9% Crimean Tatar
- 18.5% Ukrainian
- 15.3% Russian
- 1.1% Arab
- 1.0% Turkish
- 0.2% Other
- 54.5% Sunni Islam
- 37.2% Eastern Orthodox
- 6.8% Shiite Islam
- 1.5% Other
- 70.8% Crimean Tatar
- 11.5% Ukrainian
- 9.8% Russian
- 4.2% Arabic
- 2.5% Turkish
- 1.2% Other
Most of the population lives in cities and urban areas, with agriculture and other rural-based jobs being nearly non-existent. Around half of the population of 4.5 million lives in just ten cities.