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Crimea (Crimean Tatar: Къырым, Qırım; Russian: Крым, Krym; Ukrainian: Крим, Krym), formally known as the Republic of Crimea, is a republic of the Soviet Union. Encompassing most of the Crimean Peninsula, the republic borders Ukraine to the north, Russia to the east, the Black Sea to the south, and the Union City of Sevastopol to the west. Crimea was historically part of Russia and Ukraine prior to become a republic in the late 1990s.
Crimea has a Russian majority population, with Crimean Tatars and Ukrainians making up the largest minorities. The region was originally the home of Crimean Tatars (a Turkic-speaking people), but most of them were forcibly relocated to Central Asia during the reign of Joseph Stalin. Following his death the Crimean Tatars were allowed free movement within the USSR once again, but it wouldn't be until the 1990s that large scale migrations back to Crimea took place. The Russian language remains the most-spoken and understood language within the republic, with Crimean Tatar and Ukrainian also being officially recognized. The Eastern Orthodox Church is the largest religion within the republic, with Sunni Islam being the second.