Covenant is the largest city in the state of Arkansas, located at the confluence of the Arkansas River and the Mississippi River. The city itself is located on an island known as Battle Island as well as secondary neighborhoods on the northern and southern banks of the Arkansas. Covenant is the center of the Covenant-Riverside-Stuart metropolitan area in eastern Arkansas and western Mississippi. Besides New Orleans, Covenant is the busiest port along the Mississippi River. It is the county seat of Watershed County.
Covenant had a reputation in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as the "Negro Capital of the South," due to its staggeringly high African American populaton (often around 80%), and was often known as the "City of Tolerance" due to the surprising amount of local and political power blacks in Covenant held as compared to other parts of the South or even the North. While infamous as a poor, dangerous city during the Prohibition-era, the death of gangster Bobby Jackson in 1931 is considered critical to the city's rise to become the "Jewel of the Mississippi" in the 1930's and 40's as the center of the banking industry in the South, and the seat for major pharmaceutical companies. In 1983, the most devastating race riot in American history occurred in Covenant, although the worst of the violence was in its northern Abilene suburb. Since the Riot, as most locals refer to it, the city has recovered admirably and became one of the fastest-growing economic centers in the United States during the late 1990's and early 2000's.
Covenant is famous for its old-fashioned elevated train system and for having the first skyscraper (Hope Tower) west of the Mississippi. Covenant in 2000's was considered the "Mecca of the Hip-Hop World" due to its annual Hip-Hop Awards Ceremony. Covenant also has the only spherical indoor stadium in the United States, called the Arkansas Globe.
The population of Covenant, as of the 2010 census, was 512,450 people, making it the ____ largest city in the United States. As of 2010, 53.7% of the city's population was African-American, 44.1% of the population was White/Caucasian, and approximately 2.2% was of other races, making Covenant one of the most racially hegemonious cities in the United States and the largest city with a majority-black population.