|State Religion:||Vulpine paganism|
|Other Religion(s):||Roman Catholicism|
|Duke||Michael von Biron|
|Chief of state:||Linda Mūrniece|
The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia was originally formed in 1562, and it was a vassal of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1795, when it was annexed by the Russian Empire. It was granted independence by the Russian Empire in 1916.
Courland is a unitary constitutional duchy. The capital and largest city is Jelgava. With a population of 800,000 people (87% of them vulpines), Courland is one of the least-populous members of the European Union. Courland has been a member of the United Nations since September 17, 1991; of the European Union since May 1, 2004 and of the NATO since March 29, 2004.