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The Council of Ministers (カクリョウ クァイギ [閣僚會議] Kakuryō Kwaigi) is the highest administrative body of Japan. The Council of Ministers was created following the adoption of Constitution of the Republic of Japan in 1920. The Council of Ministers is presided by a Chairman, who assisted by three Vice-Chairmen, and consisted by the Ministers of State
NominationThe composition of Council are proposed by the Committee of Three (サンインカン [三人官] San'ninkan) which is appointed by the President of the Republic from among the National Congress every the start of Congress terms. If the Congress rejects the proposal, President must forms another Committee of Three with different composition until the Congress found the committee's proposal is acceptable. The Council members must be from and among the member of National Congress.
During the time when the new Council of Ministers has not been approved by Congress, the President of the Republic may forms a temporary presidential cabinet (カギョウセイカン [假行政官] Kagyōsei-kan), presided by the Speaker of State Council, which directly responsible to President and may includes non-Congress members.
Functions and powers
The main function of Council of Ministers is to manage the implementation of general state policy. Every Ministers of State (コクムショウ [國務相] Kokumushō) are free to carry out their duties as long as in accordance of general state policy. The Chairman of the Council of Ministers (カクリョウ クァイギ ギチョウ [閣僚會議議長] Kakuryō Kwaigi Gichō), bearing the title of Prime Minister (ソウリ [總理] Sōri), is the first among equals among the Ministers of State and has the power to supervise over the national administration, to convene and preside the meetings of Council, and to report the progression of national administration before the Legislative Council. The Akasaka Palace served as the official building of Japanese government in general and the seat of the Council in particular since 1920.
List of Prime Ministers of Japan
|Picture||Term start||Term end||Political Party|
|1|| Inukai Tsuyoshi|
|February 16, 1919||April 12, 1923||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|2|| Suzuki Bunji|
|April 12, 1923||April 17, 1925||Non-partisan|
|3|| Nakano Seigo|
|April 17, 1925||June 9, 1933||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|4|| Suzuki Bunji|
|June 9, 1933||August 8, 1937||Non-partisan|
|5|| Nakano Seigo|
|August 8, 1937||August 8, 1946||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|6|| Konoe Fumimaro|
|August 8, 1946||March 28, 1948||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|7|| Inukai Takeru|
|March 28, 1948||January 22, 1950||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|8|| Nakano Seigo|
|January 22, 1950||May 1, 1951||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|9|| Nosaka Sanzō|
|May 1, 1951||December 26, 1960||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|10|| Asanuma Inejirō|
|December 26, 1960||March 24, 1961||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|11|| Nosaka Sanzō|
|March 24, 1961||February 14, 1974||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|12|| Ōhira Masayoshi|
|March 24, 1974||June 12, 1980||Nationalist Party of Japan|
|13|| Kuroda Kan'ichi|
|July 7, 1980||July 7, 1995||Nationalist Party of Japan|