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Council of Ministers of Japan (Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum)

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The Council of Ministers (カクリョ クァイギ [閣僚會議] Kakuryō Kwaigi) is the highest administrative body of Japan. The Council of Ministers was created following the adoption of Constitution of the Republic of Japan in 1920. The Council of Ministers is presided by a Chairman, who assisted by three Vice-Chairmen, and consisted by the Ministers of State

Nomination

State Guest-House Akasaka Palace, Main Entrance-1

Akasaka Palace, house of the Government of Japan

The composition of Council are proposed by the Committee of Three (サンインカン [三人官] San'ninkan) which is appointed by the President of the Republic from among the National Congress every the start of Congress terms. If the Congress rejects the proposal, President must forms another Committee of Three with different composition until the Congress found the committee's proposal is acceptable. The Council members must be from and among the member of National Congress.

During the time when the new Council of Ministers has not been approved by Congress, the President of the Republic may forms a temporary presidential cabinet (カギョセイカン [假行政官] Kagyōsei-kan), presided by the Speaker of State Council, which directly responsible to President and may includes non-Congress members.

Functions and powers

The main function of Council of Ministers is to manage the implementation of general state policy. Every Ministers of State (コクムショ [國務相] Kokumushō) are free to carry out their duties as long as in accordance of general state policy. The Chairman of the Council of Ministers (カクリョウ クァイギ ギチョウ [閣僚會議議長] Kakuryō Kwaigi Gichō), bearing the title of Prime Minister (ソリ [總理] Sōri), is the first among equals among the Ministers of State and has the power to supervise over the national administration, to convene and preside the meetings of Council, and to report the progression of national administration before the Legislative Council. The Akasaka Palace served as the official building of Japanese government in general and the seat of the Council in particular since 1920.

List of Prime Ministers of Japan

Name
(Lifespan)
Picture Term start Term end Political Party
1 Inukai Tsuyoshi

イヌカイ ツヨシ
(1855–1936)

Tsuyoshi Inukai facing left February 16, 1919 April 12, 1923 Nationalist Party of Japan
2 Suzuki Bunji

スズキ ブンジ
(1885–1946)

102747 April 12, 1923 April 17, 1925 Non-partisan
3 Nakano Seigo

ナカノ セイゴ
(1885–1958)
(first term)

Seigo Nakano April 17, 1925 June 9, 1933 Nationalist Party of Japan
4 Suzuki Bunji

スズキ ブンジ
(1885–1946)
(second term)

102747 June 9, 1933 August 8, 1937 Non-partisan
5 Nakano Seigo

ナカノ セイゴ
(1885–1958)
(second term)

Seigo Nakano August 8, 1937 August 8, 1946 Nationalist Party of Japan
6 Konoe Fumimaro

コノエ フミマロ
(1891–1964)

Fumimaro Konoe 6 August 8, 1946 March 28, 1948 Nationalist Party of Japan
7 Inukai Takeru

イヌカイ タケル
(1896–1960)

Takeru inukai March 28, 1948 January 22, 1950 Nationalist Party of Japan
8 Nakano Seigo

ナカノ セイゴ
(1885–1958)
(third term)

Seigo Nakano January 22, 1950 May 1, 1951 Nationalist Party of Japan
9 Nosaka Sanzō

ノサカ サンゾ
(1892–1993)

Japan Sanzo Nosaka First Secretary Communist Party of Japan Central Committee May 1, 1951 December 26, 1960 Nationalist Party of Japan
10 Asanuma Inejirō

アサヌマ イネジロ
(1898–1971)

23007001390 December 26, 1960 March 24, 1961 Nationalist Party of Japan
11 Nosaka Sanzō

ノサカ サンゾ
(1892–1993)
(second term)

Japan Sanzo Nosaka First Secretary Communist Party of Japan Central Committee March 24, 1961 February 14, 1974 Nationalist Party of Japan
12 Ōhira Masayoshi

ヒラ マサヨシ
(1910-1980)

Masayoshi Ohira 01 March 24, 1974 June 12, 1980 Nationalist Party of Japan
13 Kuroda Kan'ichi

クロダ カニイチ
(1927-2006)

Img006 600 July 7, 1980 July 7, 1995 Nationalist Party of Japan

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