The Corsican Republic is a multi-national nation located in the Mediterranean region, known for its natural beauty and independent culture. It is bordered by Italy to the east and France to the north. After independence in the 1700s, Corsica has been able to fight off invasions by many outside powers and has become a leading figure of the non-aligned movement. Its economy has grown exponentially, based on tourism and foodstuffs. Corsica is a member of the European Union and NATO. Due to the rising numbers of refugees, Corsica is becoming a troubled place with violence between the Muslims and Catholics. Various nationalist politicians have come and gone, but they are currently at their peak.
Beginning (1755 - 1792)
In 1755, Pasquale Paoli declared Corsica an independent republic, free from Genoese tyranny. Almost immediately, seeing the potential as a naval base, powers in Europe began to fight for Corsica. France and Genoa both started talks with Paoli, now Prime Minister, that would lead to an annexation of Corsica eventually. Paoli, a keen thinker, saw this and ended all talks with any other nations. He secured alliances with Britain and Venice by 1767, France and Genoa's two biggest enemies. France and Genoa were forced into alliance.
This would lead to near-war. In 1769, when France thought the others had forgotten, it invaded Corsica. Genoa quickly followed suit, but when Britain threatened France, it backed down. However, Genoa did not. The objective for Genoa quickly became defending themselves from the powerful Venetian Navy. Most of Europe stopped to watch, including the Ottomans, as the two largest navies in the Mediterranean are battling it out over an island's independence.
After a decade of war, the Treaty of Bastia was signed. Genoa and Venice would unite in a Venice-led Personal Union, known as Padania. Padania would set the stage for modern-day Italy.
French Revolutionary Wars (1792 - 1808)
The French Revolutionary Wars were tough on Corsica. Corsica supported the French Revolution as it brought what was thought to be liberty to France. However, due to individuals such as Robespierre, Corsica quickly turned against the Republic. In the 1790s, with the rise of Robespierre, never executed, Corsica joined the First Coalition. Italy also became divided, with Sardinia-Piedmont and Naples supporting France.
From the 1790s-1800s, Corsica fought in the early wars. They captured and annexed Sardinia from Sardinia-Piedmont in 1802, and also invaded and captured Sicily and the French port of Marseille. Padania finished off the rest of Sardinia-Piedmont after it was annexed by France, adding it to the ever-growing domains. Due to Padania being in the way, France was finished much earlier, in 1805, as it could never reach Italy and Napoleon never became Emperor.
Corsica kept Sardinia but not Sicily, which became a Corsican vassal. At this point, Padania and Corsica began talks about unifying Italy under their rule. Paoli, still Prime Minister and a strong Italian culture supporter, accepted the deal and drew warplans to invade Naples. However, he died before the plan went into action, and Napoleon Bonaparte became Prime Minister, and a friend of influential diplomat Carlo Andrea Pozzo di Borgo.
The Conquest of Italy (1808-1810)
Prime Minister Napoleon Bonaparte set a date of the invasion of Italy, the first day of 1809. Corsica would immediately send a fleet of soldiers to Rome and Naples from Bastia, while declaring war on the newly-formed Kingdom of Naples, the Papal States, and the Duchies of Parma and Modena. Tuscany agreed to join the alliance of Venice and Corsica.
On January 1st, 1809, Venice, Tuscany, and Corsica all declared war on Naples, the Papal States, and the Duchies. Corsican troops immediately occupied Calabria, the toe of the boot of Italy, belonging to Naples. By January 20th, they had landed in the rest of the Napolitano Kingdom. Venice took over the Duchies quickly and easily, by March they were subdued. Naples, once the strongest Italian Kingdom, was now getting owned by Corsica. By May, soldiers from Corsica had reached the coast and had entered Naples itself. They became locked in a siege.
Meanwhile, Tuscany invaded the Papal States. They quickly marched toward Rome and took over San Marino. In Naples, the city fell in August. The capital relocated to Portecorvo, but thst was taken in October. Naples was forced to surrender on November 1st, 1809. They were declared the Transitional Republic of Naples by Napoleon himself in Naples. Now, the Papal States were the only state remaining. The city quickly became surrounded and blockaded on all sides, and after a month of siege, on Christmas the Pope surrendered. On January 1st, the one-year mark of the war, the Republic of Italy was created and the Italian Federation founded by Napoleon. The Republic of Italy had control over all Italian lands excluding Sicily but including Savoy, while the Italian Federation was formed by the Republic of Italy, Padania dominated, and Corsica.
The Austro-Italian Wars
The very liberal Italian Federation, and Venice/Padania in particular, was always an enemy of the Conservative police state set up by Klemens von Metternich, Austrian diplomat and foreign minister. Austria had been crippled by the French Wars, and an Italian victory would not only humiliate Austria but also deliver a crippling blow to their power permanently, sjowing that they were not so strong. The Federation decided the main goal would be to dissolve the Holy Roman Empire permanently. Napoleon and Italian President Francesco Melzi d'Eril decided to attack Austria on January 1st, 1812. Corsica wanted to become like Renaissance Venice, a naval Mediterranean power.
And so, on January 1st, war began. d'Eril sent a declaration of war to Metternich, and immediately Italian troops began to cross over the Alps. They immediately captured the state of Tirol, long claimed to be Italian soil. However, Italian troops within the Alps found it increasingly hard to advance. Luckily, due to Venice's old naval size and Corsica's current navy, Corsican and Italian troops occupied Ragusa, on the Croatian coast.
By May, Italian troops had entered Slovenia and began working their way eastward. On July 14th, the Battle of Maribor is fought in Slovenia. Austrian troops take heavy losses but are able to rout Italian troops, keeping the crucial Drava River from being crossed. On August 8th, d'Eril sends a letter to German nationalists concerning their independence, and how they could contribute. On the 20th, the North German Confederation, Bavaria, and Bohemia declare independence from Austria. Italian troops are about to pull out of the Alps when Austrian troops stationed there receive an order to go back home and crush the rebellion.
Meanwhile, Corsican troops sail upstream on the Drava. In a surprise attack, they take Maribor, opening up the road to Graz and Hungary. On October 9th, Hungary is entered. In a quick flanking move, they sweep northwest to Vienna, but leave their right flank open. The Battle of Eisenstadt shows once again that Corsican troops are not invincible, as Hungarian troops split the line, creating a north and south army. They regroup by the 13th, but avoid further confrontation. They sight Vienna on November 2nd.
German troops take Salzburg on the 3rd, while Italian troops enter Graz. Francis II of Austria moves the capital to Linz, the only city not within the sights of enemy men. This creates a state of panic, as some follow them, some retreat, amd others desert their posts completely. Vienna, now empty of men, is quickly taken. German troops approach Linz when the Austrian Emperor surrenders.
The Treaty of Trieste, in Croatia, sees that the HRE and Austrian Empires are dissolved, various German states, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Poland become independent nations and the Dalmatian coast is ceded to Corsica. Italy gains Austria and incorporates it on January 1st, the first anniversary of the beginning of the war. Italy and Corsica have now shown themselves as dominant powers in Europe.