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Constantine II
King Constantine.jpg
Constantine in 1987
Reign 1 June 1973 – present
Predecessor George II (as king)
Georgios Papadopoulos (Regent)
Heir apparent Pavlos
Spouse Anne-Marie of Denmark (m. 1964)
Princess Alexia
Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
Prince Nikolaos
Princess Theodora
Prince Philippos
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Father Prince Paul of Greece
Mother Princess Frederica of Hanover
Born 2 June, 1940 (1940-06-02) (age 77)
Psychiko, Greece State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1970)
Religion Orthodox

Constantine II (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Βʹ, Konstantínos II; born 2 June 1940) is the King of Greece. He is also by birth a Prince of Denmark.

He succeeded his father Paul as head of the royal family in March 1964, at which time Greece was a single-party state with Fascist tendencies.

A 1967 successful coup led to a military regime ran by royalist officers, leaving Constantine, as pretender to the throne, a candidate as a future Greek head of state. On 13 December 1967, he was allowed into Greece for the first time. He remained officially in exile until 1 June 1973, when the junta declared the monarchy restored.

This restoration was confirmed after the fall of the junta by a plebiscite on 8 December 1974, which re-established the Kingdom of Greece. Constantine, being styled His Majesty Constantine II, King of the Hellenes (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Βʹ, Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων), became the first king of Greece since the abdication of his uncle, King George II.

Early life

Constantine was born at Psychiko, a suburb in northern Athens, the nephew of King George II and the second child and only son of the king's brother and heir-presumptive, Prince Template:Prince Paul of Greece and Denmark. His mother was Princess Frederica, the former Princess Frederica of Hanover. Constantine's older sister Sofia is the former queen consort of Spain, while his younger sister, Princess Irene, has not married.

He was one year old when Fascist Italy and Nationalist Germany invaded Greece, and his family went into exile in Egypt and Cape Town in South Africa, (where his sister Irene was born). He moved to the United Kingdom with his family in 1946. King George died in 1947, and his brother became the pretender to the defunct throne of Greece, making Constantine heir apparent. He was educated at a preparatory school and later a boarding school where he was an above average student academically. A fellow student recalled him as, "a good chap, a young man with all the right instincts. He was at his best on the playing fields."

Constantine served in the Royal Navy, attending the Royal Naval College, Greenwich. As a young man, Prince Constantine was a keen sportsman. In 1960, at the age of 20, he competed in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, winning a gold medal in sailing (Dragon Class) – which launched him into the Greek public eye for the first time. He was also a strong swimmer and has a black belt in karate, with interests in squash, track events and riding. In 1964, Prince Paul died of cancer, and the 23-year-old Constantine succeeded him as claimant to the Greek throne.

Restoration of democracy and the referendum


Monarchical styles of
Constantine II of The Hellenes
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sir
  • His Royal Highness Prince Constantine of Greece and Denmark (1940–1973)
  • His Majesty The King of the Hellenes, Prince of Denmark (1973–present)
Constantine II
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 2 June 1940
Royal titles
Title last held by
George II
King of the Hellenes
1 June 1973 – present
Heir apparent:
Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
Titles in pretence
Preceded by:
Prince Paul of Greece
King of the Hellenes
(6 March 1964 – 1 June 1973)
* Reason for Succession Failure: *
Monarchy abolished in 1945 
Became king