The Congressional and Gubernatorial Elections of 1792 were the second quadrennial elections to determine the Senators, Congressmen, and Governors of each state. Like the previous elections, the lack of parties led to no significant power balances. Most members of Congress and Governors supported the Second Washington Administration, though opposition became more outspoken. 30 Senators served in the Senate, and the House held 105 Representatives.

Congress of 1792

Major Legislation

Admission of Tennessee as a state

House Senate Total
Votes For 102 29 131
Votes Against 3 1 4

The bill PASSES both Houses of Congress and is signed by President Washington; therefore, it PASSES.

Speaker of the House

In the previous Congress, most Representatives considered the job a mostly honorary position, and Speaker Josiah Bartlett recognized such expectations although he did use his powers to encourage abolition legislation. In the 1792 election, however, anti-Washingtonian members recognized the potential powers of the office to oppose the efforts of the executive branch. In response to this strategy, anti-Washingtonians organized to select Richard Henry Lee as Speaker, while the unorganized pro-Washingtonians split the vote to many candidates only seeing the position as an honor. Speaker Lee, the most extreme example of the developing anti-federal Henrians or Jeffersonians, used his influence over the legislative agenda to prevent almost all major or Washingtonian legislation from the vote. Lee only allowed a vote on the admission of Tennessee, in regards to major legislation.

President Pro Tempore of the Senate

Anti-Washingtonians did consider the potential powers of the Senate's temporary president but saw no such potential, especially with Benjamin Franklin setting the precedent of Vice Presidents taking seriously the duties of President of the Senate. As such, Oliver Ellsworth was easily reelected.

Gubernatorial Elections

Like the previous elections, Governors claimed no parties, but the South tended to be more anti-Washington and the North pro-Washington. The exception was New Hampshire Governor, and former Speaker, Josiah Bartlett who maintained an even stronger abolition position and opposed the government leaders of both ideologies (President Washington and Speaker Lee).

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