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Congress of Warsaw (Central Victory)

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The Congress of Warsaw was held at the Koniecpolski Palace, the home of King Karol II, in Warsaw, Poland, from July 17 to August 2 1945. Participants were Germany, Japan, and Egypt. The three nations were represented by Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler, Prime Minister Hideki Tojo and King Farouk I. Hitler, Tojo, and Farouk I gathered to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Communist Russia and Serbia, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier, on May 8. The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of war and the territories of a collapsed Austria-Hungary.

Proceedings

The Congress was attended by the German and Japanese empires and the Kingdom of Egypt. Delegates from Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Sweden, Finland, and the Netherlands as well as the defeated Allies of Europe attended the sessions concerning their states, but were not members of the congress.

Agreements made between the leaders about Serbia

  • Division of Serbia and Macedonia respectively into three occupation zones and the similar division of each capital, Belgrade and Skopje, into three zones.
  • Serbia's border was to be shifted northeastwards, effectively reducing Serbia in size by approximately 47% compared to its 1937 borders. The territories east of the new border comprised Kosovo, Macedonia, parts of Zaječar, and Bor. Serbia would gain parts ot the Banat region.
  • Expulsion of the Serbian populations remaining beyond the new southwestern borders of Serbia.
  • Agreement on war reparations to Bulgaria from their zone of occupation in Serbia. It was also agreed that 10% of the industrial capacity of the German zones unnecessary for the Serbian peace economy should be transferred to the German Empire within 2 years. Hitler proposed and it was accepted that Germany was to be excluded from division of Serbian compensation to be later granted 15% of compensation given to Bulgaria.
  • Ensuring that no pro-Yugoslav ideas be taught to children, Axis forces banned Pan-Yugoslav ideology from all educational institutions in Serbia and all other Slav states of former Austria-Hungary.
  • Destruction of Serbian industrial war-potential through the destruction or control of all industry with military potential. To this end, all civilian shipyards and aircraft factories were to be dismantled or otherwise destroyed. All production capacity associated with war-potential, such as metals, chemical, machinery etc were to be reduced to a minimum level. Manufacturing capacity thus made "surplus" was to be dismantled as reparations or otherwise destroyed. All research and international trade was to be controlled. The economy was to be centralized. The economy was also to be reorganized with primary emphasis on agriculture and peaceful domestic industries. In early 1946 agreement was reached on the details of the latter: Serbia was to be converted into an agricultural and light industry economy. Serbian exports were to be beer, toys, textiles, etc — to take the place of the heavy industrial products, in particular copper, which formed most of Serbia's pre-war exports.

Agreements made between the leaders about Russia

  • Agreement on the prosecution of Communist war criminals.
  • Reversion of all Russian annexations in Europe and the Caucasus, including Belarus, Ukraine, the Baltic states, and relinquish control of the Khabarovsk Krai and Primorsky Krai. Parts of Turkestan were to granted independence from Russia as Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.
  • Agreement on war reparations to the Axis powers.
  • Ensuring that Russian standards of living did not exceed the European average. The types and amounts of industry to dismantle to achieve this was to be determined later.
  • Destruction of Russian industrial war-potential through the destruction or control of all industry with military potential. To this end, all civilian shipyards and aircraft factories were to be dismantled or otherwise destroyed. All production capacity associated with war-potential, such as metals, chemical, machinery etc were to be reduced to a minimum level. Manufacturing capacity thus made "surplus" was to be dismantled as reparations or otherwise destroyed. All research and international trade was to be controlled. The economy was to be decentralized. The economy was also to be reorganized with primary emphasis on agriculture and peaceful domestic industries.
  • Russia was to democratize and destalinize. Rebuild churches and abolish all communist institution from government in all forms.

Agreements made between the leaders about Austro-Hungarian territories

  • Germany would gain all German speaking area's of Austria, including the Sudetenland.
  • Czechs and Slovaks were given land to create Czechoslovakia.
  • Hungary was allowed to keep the territories of Northern Transylvania, and southern Subcarpathia.
  • Croatia was created as a puppet state placing Prince Joachim of Prussia, Kaiser Wilhelm III's brother on the Croation throne.
  • Bosnia was created with limited autonomy, and economic dependency on Germany. Due to the high Serbian population and later Serbian sympathy the German military was in direct control of Bosnia until 1964.
  • Slovenia was the only Slav state allowed political independence.
  • North Tyrol would remain a German territory. While the other remaining parts of Tyrol and the Provinces of Belluno, and Udine would be given to Italy.
  • The industry of these territories are free to utalized as the new owners of these resources see fit.

Warsaw Declaration

In addition to the Warsaw Agreement, on July 26, Hitler, and Tojo issued the Warsaw Declaration which outlined the terms of surrender for the United States during WWII.

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