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The Congo (Swahili: Kongo), officially known as the People's Republic of the Congo (Jamhuri ya Watu wa Kongo), and abbreviated as the PRC (JWK); is a nation located in Central Africa. The nation is bordered by Cameroon, the Central African Republic, and South Sudan to the north; Tanzania and Uganda to the east, Angola and Zambia to the south, and Gabon to the west. The Congo is one of the few remaining communist states.
Prior to the 1960s, the Congo was the colonial possession of Belgium (known as the Belgian Congo). A civil war soon broke out following the colony's independence. The general public soon lost faith in the pro-Western government, especially following their continued co-operation with Europe (including Belgium) and the United States.
Beginning in 1964, a Soviet-backed communist rebellion (known as the Simbas) broke out in the east. Several attempts to crush the communist revolution failed. Following the death of Belgian troops and American hostages in late 1964, the United States became fully committed to fighting the Simbas and escalating their participation in the Congo Crisis. The crisis changes in 1970 following a communist-backed coup in neighboring Congo-Brazzaville.
With the Congo becoming a quagmire by the mid 1970s, American and European troops are gradually recalled from the region. The pro-Western government in Leopoldville falls to the Simbas in 1975. Following the end of the Congo Crisis, a unified communist state is established in the unified city of Kinshasa (formerly Brazzaville and Leopoldville).
From the 1970s onward, the People's Republic of the Congo became a regional power in Sub-Saharan Africa. A miniature Cold War between the Congo and South Africa developed from the 1970s onward, as both nations thought fought for regional dominance (especially over the former remnants of the Portuguese Empire). The situation turned dire during the 1980s, as both nations successfully tested nuclear weapons.
By the 1990s, the overall conditions in the Congo were beginning to improve. By utilizing their natural resources, the economy and infrastructure began to improve increase. Education and living conditions were also improving for average Congolese citizens. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Congolese government began to implement reforms aimed and preserving the communist state. This included attempts to bring more participation between the state and the people, as well as attempts to bring more capitalism into the mix. Today, the Congo is one of the largest and fastest growing economies in Africa (not to mention the World).