The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as DR Congo, DRC, Congo, or DROC (known as Zaïre 1965–97), is a country located in Central Africa. It borders Cameroon, the Central African Republic, and South Sudan to the north, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania to the East, Zambia and Angola to the south and the Atlantic Ocean and Gabon to the west.
In IM1, Belgium annexed Congo as a Belgian colony in 1908, but later gained independence as the Congolese Kingdom in 1919 and recognized by European powers in Treaty of Schweetz. During World War 2, Congo declares neutral and stays out off war. Later in May 1960, a growing nationalist movement, the Mouvement National Congolais or MNC Party, led by Patrice Lumumba, won the parliamentary elections, Joseph Kasavubu thus became the first president of newly reformed Republic of Congo. In 1971 it was changed to Republic of Zaire, but later renamed to Democratic Republic of Congo due to First Congo War in 1997.