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The Confederation of Carolina is a democratic nation in the Northern Hemisphere, consisting of eighteen states: Alabama, Arkansas, Boone (OTL-Michigan), Georgia, Harrison (OTL-Indiana), Illinois, Iowa, Jefferson (OTL-Wisconsin), Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Louisiana, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and Washington (OTL-Florida). The capital of Carolina is Charleston and the largest city is Atlanta, Georgia. Carolina was originally part of the brief United States of America from 1776 until its collapse in 1777, before establishing a provisional government for the duration of the American Revolution. Independence was finally recognized by England on August 21, 1786 when the British Army surrendered.
Carolina has maintained its independence despite frequent conflicts with the United Kingdom and today is one of the leading nations in the world. With its many ports and concentrated industry, Carolina dominates the markets of the Western Hemisphere and ranks among the wealthiest nations. Since January 20, 2003, the President of Carolina has been James Danforth Quayle from Harrison, with Vice President Fred Dalton Thompson of Tennessee.
In 1774, twelve of the thirteen British colonies in America sent delegates to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to establish a Continental Congress. Although the Congress did not settle any of the grievances the Americans had against the British, it did give rise to a second Continental Congress that first met in 1775. The following year, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed a resolution to declare independence from England that led to the official Declaration of Independence, which was sent to King George III in England. Battles had already occurred in the northern colonies between the American militias and the British regulars before the Declaration, but it sealed the colonists' resolve to force the British out of America. The Continental Army was formed in 1776 with George Washington appointed Commander-in-Chief of all American forces. For over a year, Washington engaged the British in battle without suffering a crippling defeat until the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777. During the battle, Washington and the bulk of the Continental Army were captured by the British, leading to the eventual capture and execution of the Continental Congress.
After the collapse of the independence movement in the north, the four southern colonies - Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia - formed a provisional government in Charleston to continue the effort to free themselves of British control. The Confederation Army formed in the south won several decisive victories over the British, stretching the war out over a decade and fatiguing the homesick Britons. Confederation forces captured Florida from the British in 1782, dealing a blow to the British Army. A branch of the army continued west as well, capturing western Georgia in 1785, shortly before the end of the war. In August 1786, the British Commander-in-Chief of North America, General William Howe, surrendered his forces to the Confederation Commander-in-Chief, Major General Daniel Morgan at Yorktown, Virginia. On August 21, 1786, the provisional government was replaced by an interim government of the Confederation of Carolina.
The interim government sent a delegation to Ghent, United Provinces in October 1786 to negotiate a peace treaty between Carolina and England. This conference ended successfully in June 1787 with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent (1787), which was accepted by King George III on August 4, 1787 and by the Congress of Carolina on October 18, 1787. The interim government was replaced in democratic elections in January 1787, with the newly elected officials taking office on March 5, 1787. The first President of Carolina was Benjamin Harrison V, who received fifty-eight percent of the votes. President Harrison assembled a Cabinet of advisers shortly after his inauguration, including the Secretaries of Foreign Affairs, War, Treasury, and Domestic Affairs. Under the Articles of Confederation, Presidential and Senatorial elections would be held every four years with unlimited terms, and House elections would be held every two years with unlimited terms.