Synopsis: In this alternative timeline, the Confederate States of America emerge victorious in the American Civil War. This divergence in history creates significant global ramifications, as discussed within this alternate history.
War of Southern American Independence (1861-1865)
Summer of 1863
The point of divergence (POD) in this alternative timeline is the Battle of Gettysburg; Confederate General Robert E. Lee, under the advice of General Longstreet, tactically withdrew his army from the battle on the third day. General Lee quickly outmaneuvers and flanks General George G. Meade's army, routing his entire army. General Meade himself barely escapes the onslaught, while General Lee utilizes his quick attack strategy to initiate the Siege of Washington, the Union's capital, on July 23, 1863. Upon hearing of General Lee's advancement on the Union capital, Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant immediately lifts his siege on Vicksburg to rendezvous with General Meade's remaining forces to relieve the Union defenders at the Siege of Washington. However, with the Union's marginal garrison and the perseverance of General Lee's besiegers, the United States' capital fell swiftly to Confederate forces on August 8, 1863, before the relief armies of Lt. General Grant's and General Meade's combined forces were able to arrive. After the fall of the Union's capital, Britain and France quickly sided with the Confederates and officially declared war on the United States of America. General Lee was recognized as General-in-Chief for his capture of Washington on August 12, 1863.
Winter of 1863
The combined armies of Lt. General Grant and General Meade laid siege to the former Union capital, Washington, while the British began to mobilize their military forces in Canada and the French in Mexico began their assault into California. The United States of America established a provisional capital in Philadelphia, PA.
Spring of 1864
The British and French came to General Lee's aid and broke the Union army's entrenched siege, shattering the Union army's morale but due to Lt. General Grant's strategic withdraw, few casualties were reported. After the failed Confederate routing of the fleeing Union army, Lt. General Grant decided to hold his ground at Alburtis, PA. Lt. General Grant was reinforced with troops, but nonetheless was outnumbered in faced of Confederate General Lee's army combined with British and French forces. The two sides met in the outskirts of Alburtis, and the ensuing confrontation was known as the Battle of Alburtis Fields, which was the single most deadliest event in the entire war. The battle was a Pyrrhic victory for the Union, but instead of recapturing the capital, Lt. General Grant decided to defend the Northernmost states of the Union from immediate British assaults. Meanwhile, British armies stationed in Canada descended upon the Northernmost states of the Union; advancing on Michigan and Ohio and via New Brunswick and Quebec attacked Maine in May 16, 1864. The French succeed in Capturing Southern California, but face more Union resistance in Northern California.
Summer of 1864
The British manage to Capture Michigan and Maine, but are repelled by Lt. General Grant in Ohio and by General Meade in Massachusetts. The British navy destroyed the United States' blockade on Southern ports, and in doing so allow the Confederate States of America to replenish its much depleted resources and military forces. The French continue to push North in California. Houstonian revivalists perpetuated Texan nationalism and gained the ire of the Confederacy.
Winter of 1864
British victories in the Northernmost states of the Union are modest at best, and by Christmas a complete stalemate develops near the state of Ohio's capital, Columbus. Confederate forces focus on maintaining their borders instead of pursuing Union forces up North. The French finally battered down Northern garrisons in California and conquer the state completely. Widely unpopular President Abraham Lincoln loses the presidential election to George B. McClellan who pursues peace with the Confederacy and there allies.
Summer of 1865
Peace is finally brokered between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America (CSA) and its allies in the Treaty of Andorra, wherein the United States formally recognizes the independent country of the Confederate States of America and cedes the states of Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and the territories of Arizona and Oklahoma. However, the British still wished to resume trade with the industrialized United States and so pressured the French into ceding California back to the United States. The United States moved their capital to New York City and began reconstructing war-torn areas of the Union. Sam Houston, Jr. becomes a prominent leader of the Houstonian revivalists and lawfully pursue Texan independence.
Postbellum Period (1865-1915)
In the late 1860's, the British as the main traders and allies of the CSA help industrialize the country and by 1873, help to abolish slavery completely. Most freed slaves are quickly hired backed by there previous overseers and maintain a peaceful transition into a racially-homogeneous society. In Texas, the Houstonian movement becomes highly influential and by 1868 issued a referendum for Independence, which received overwhelming public support in Texas. After the plebiscite was passed, Texan legislators officially declared the Republic of Texas an independent state with the CSA consenting rather then facing criticism of hypocrisy in declining the state's rights. In order to combat more potential secessionist movements within the CSA, the federal government ironically achieved similar power to the Union's federal government that they originally dissolved from, however maintained specific states' rights.