The Confederate States of America, commonly referred to as the Confederate States, was a nation that existed in North America between 1861 to 1945. Originally a part of the United States, the Confederacy came into formation in 1861 after several southern states declared their independence from the Union, beginning with South Carolina in 1860. On April 12, 1861, a conflict erupted between the Confederates and Americans at Fort Sumter, beginning the Confederate War of Independence. Three years of bloody and vicious fighting saw to the full independence of the Confederate States after the United Kingdom delivered an ultimatum to President Abraham Lincoln, demanding that the Union must surrender or face British intervention.
With diplomatic recognition from the British and later the French, the Confederacy soon went through the process of reconstruction with the help of it's allies. Millions of dollars of damages were caused by the American attacks, leaving the new nation in economic depression. The British, however, helped rebuild the Confederacy and expanded the amount of manufacturing and industrial factories in the nation. By 1870, the Confederate States was back in shape.