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|Established||1859 (independence from United States)|
|Member organizations||Federation of Nations|
and many others
The War of Southern Independence
The Confederate States declared its independence from the U.S. on February 12, 1859 and formed a new government the same day.
During the War of Southern Independence (1859-1861) the Confederacy won several important battles which helped secure its independence. Among these battles were;
- 1st. Manassas (July 21, 1859)
- Glendale (July 1-3, 1860)
- 2nd. Manassas (August 28-30, 1860)
- Gettysburg (October 1-3, 1860)
- Perryville (October 8-9, 1860)
Gettysburg was the greatest and most important battle, in which Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeated Union General Joseph Hooker and destroyed the Army of the Potomac. This resulted in the Confederacy gaining independence.
After the Treaty of Baltimore, the Confederate States of America joined the Conference of Nations and became a respected member of the world community. In accordance with the pledge made by C.S. Secretary of State Judah Benjamin to the governments of Europe, slavery was abolished in the C.S.A. effective January 1, 1871. The Confederate government agreed to pay the owners of slaves compensation and allow the practice of indentured servitude to continue (the practice would be almost unknown by the 1910's).
The Confederacy spread west annexing Mexico and Central America in 1865 after a short but bloody war. For the next thirty years, the Confederacy systematically took control of the whole of South America (except Brazil) during the the 2nd and 3rd Wars of Confederation (1878-1880/1884-1888) in which the Empire of Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela fought against the Confederacy with some financial aid from the U.S.
In 1898, Washington and Richmond joined to fight the Spanish-American War, in which the U.S. annexed the Philippines and Guam while the C.S. got Puerto Rico.
During the first 15 years of the 20th. century, The Confederacy enjoyed stronger relations with the U.S., the U.K. and France.
In 1916, Confederate President Woodrow Wilson and U.S. President James Cox agreed signed the Joint Pact for Peace which stated that if either nation was attacked the other would come to its defense. After several U.S. and C.S. ships were sunk by the Germans, both governments declared war on the Central Powers.
Although a majority of Confederates considered themselves as either part-Latin or full-Latin, the Anglo-Saxon influence has remained strong in a majority of the nation and all the C.S. presidents have come from that group.