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First Party System
The first political parties in the Confederacy were founded around 1867. Many people believed that the party system was destructive, but once two parties were founded, there was no going back. There were three main Parties: The Democratic Party, the Liberal Party, and the Conservative Party. These three parties dominated over the three minor parties (Industrial, Confederate Nationalist, Federalist). It was common for a Party to chose a Vice Presidential candidate who ideologically belonged to another party in order to convince them to vote for that ticket.
|Party Name||Key People||Main Idea|
|Democratic Party||Thomas Bocock, John C. Breckinridge||Jacksonian Democracy|
|Liberal Party||Howell Cobb, Robert W. Barnwell||Congessional Power|
|Conservative Party||Francis W. Pickens, Thomas Watts, James Chestnut||States Rights, "Calhounism"|
|Confederate Nationalist Party||Francis Lubbock, Leroy Walker, Judah Benjamin||Nationalism, Expansion|
|Industrial Party||Robert M.T. Hunter, Benjamin Hill, Robert Jemison||Industrialization, Similar to Whig|
|Federalist Party||Christopher Memminger, Jacob Thompson||Strong Central Government|