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|#||Name||Party||Tenure||Previous Office(s)||Vice President|
|1||Jefferson Davis||Nonpartisan (Centralist)||1861-1867||Senator from Mississippi, American Secretary of War||Jefferson Davis|
|2||John C. Breckinridge||Centralist||1867-1873||Confederate Secretary of War, American Vice President||Robert M.T Hunter|
|3||Zebulon B. Vance||Confederalist||1873-1876||Governor of North Carolina||Thomas H. Watts|
|4||Robert M.T. Hunter||Centralist||1876-1879||President pro tempore of the senate, Secretary of State||John H. Reagan|
|5||John H. Reagan||Democrat||1879-1885-||Vice President, Senator from Texas, Postmaster General||Thomas Semmes|
|6||George W.C. Lee||Consevative||1885-1891||Virginia Representative, Civil War General||Joseph E. Johnston|
|7||Burgess Gaither||Industrialist||1891-1892||North Carolina Senator||Thomas L. Rosser|
|8||Thomas L. Rosser||Industrialist||1892-1897||Vice President, Civil War and World War I General||Joseph Wheeler|
|9||Simon B. Buckner||Democrat||1897-1903||Civil War General, Governor of Kentucky, Secretary of War, Kentucky Senator||Joseph C. Blackburn|
|10||Jim Hogg||Industrialist||1903-1909||Governor of Texas, Senator from Texas||James P. Taliaferro|
The 1866 Election had no real political parties. But it became obvious that there were some people focused on the central government and some focused on States' rights. Other smaller political parties included the Fire-Eaters, who wanted to reopen the international Slave Trade, and the "Revertists" who were in favor of ending the war and returning to the Union in exchange for protection of slavery. With no political parties, candidates would simply announce their candidacy and select their own running mate. The first person to announce their candidacy was Vice President Alexander Stephens, who was basically a Revertist. Next, Secretary of War John C. Breckinridge announced that he would run, and immediately became the favorite. Later, North Carolina governor and Confederalist Zebulon B. Vance announced his candidacy. Robert Rhett, a Fire-Eater, announced his candidacy, immediately announcing his running mate, Texas Senator Louis Wigfall. Later the other three running mates were announced.
- John C. Breckinridge-Robert M.T. Hunter (Centralist)
- Zebulon B. Vance-Joseph E. Brown (Confederalist)
- Alexander H. Stephens-John A. Campbell (Revertist)
- Robert B. Rhett-Louis T. Wigfall (Fire-Eater)
Of the 13 states, eight were carried by Breckinridge. The Vance-Brown ticket took their own states of North Carolina and Georgia. Rhett and Wigfall also took their own states of South Carolina and Texas. Stephens and Campbell won just Kentucky, which was as many electoral votes as Rhett, and they had more popular votes. Breckinridge won 62-20-12-12, becoming the second President of the Confederacy.
This was the first election with established parties. Zebulon B. Vance was the only Confederalist nominated at its National Convention in St. Louis, as he was the main leader of the party. Five Confederalists were nominated for Vice President, and Thomas H. Watts was chosen over William Smith, the Governor of Virginia. At the Centralist National Convention in Norfolk, Virginia, Vice President Robert M.T. Hunter was chosen ahead of six other nominees: Robert W. Barnwell, Thomas Bocock, Jubal Early, Judah P. Benjamin, Robert Toombs, and Alexander Stephens. Albert G. Brown, who was mainly interested in upgrading the education system, was chosen the running mate after 18 rounds of voting, ahead of Waldo P. Johnson (Who would've been chosen specifically to win Missouri). The Fire-Eaters, without many leaders, chose Louis T. Wigfall and William P. Miles at their Convention in Charleston, South Carolina.
- Zebulon B. Vance-Thomas H. Watts (Confederalist)
- Robert M.T. Hunter-Albert G. Brown (Centralist)
- Louis T. Wigfall-William P. Miles (Fire-Eater)
The Vance-Watt ticket won a majority of electoral votes, winning 66 out of 127, but did not win a majority of popular votes. Hunter won as many states as Vance, but ended up with 20 less electoral votes. In Tennessee, the outcome of the election was unclear, and it was granted to Vance, though Hunter was likely the actual winner. Had Tennessee been awarded to Hunter, Hunter would have had a plurality but not a majority, and it would have been decided by the house of Representatives. Wigfall and Miles won their own states of Texas and South Carolina.
Special Election of 1876
After the impeachment of Zebulon B. Vance, and Thomas Watts' resignation, President pro tempore of the Senate, Robert M.T. Hunter, was left as acting president until a special election was held. The Confederalists had lost a lot of support, and much of that support had gone to the new Conservative Party. The Centralists chose Robert M.T. Hunter and John H. Reagan as his running mate, the Conservatives chose Civil War hero Jubal Early and James Chestnut as their Vice Presidential Candidate, and the Confederalists chose Isham Harris and John Milton (who hadn't committed suicide unlike in OTL).
- Robert M.T. Hunter-John H. Reagan (Centralist)
- Jubal Early-James Chestnut, Jr. (Conservative)
- Isham G. Harris-John Milton (Confederalist)
The Confederalists won only Florida, which was John Milton's state. The Conservatives won Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia. All other states (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, and Kentucky) were won by the Centralists, giving them the easy win.