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Confederate Elections (Civil War Continues)

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Overview

# Name Party Tenure Previous Office(s) Vice President
1 Jefferson Davis Nonpartisan (Centralist) 1861-1867 Senator from Mississippi, American Secretary of War Jefferson Davis
2 John C. Breckinridge Centralist 1867-1873 Confederate Secretary of War, American Vice President Robert M.T Hunter
3 Zebulon B. Vance Confederalist 1873-1876 Governor of North Carolina Thomas H. Watts
4 Robert M.T. Hunter Centralist 1876-1879 President pro tempore of the senate, Secretary of State John H. Reagan
5 John H. Reagan Democrat 1879-1885- Vice President, Senator from Texas, Postmaster General Thomas Semmes
6 George W.C. Lee Consevative 1885-1891 Virginia Representative, Civil War General Joseph E. Johnston
7 Burgess Gaither Industrialist 1891-1892 North Carolina Senator Thomas L. Rosser
8 Thomas L. Rosser Industrialist 1892-1897 Vice President, Civil War and World War I General Joseph Wheeler
9 Simon B. Buckner Democrat 1897-1903 Civil War General, Governor of Kentucky, Secretary of War, Kentucky Senator Joseph C. Blackburn
10 Jim Hogg Industrialist 1903-1909 Governor of Texas, Senator from Texas James P. Taliaferro

1866

Background

The 1866 Election had no real political parties. But it became obvious that there were some people focused on the central government and some focused on States' rights. Other smaller political parties included the Fire-Eaters, who wanted to reopen the international Slave Trade, and the "Revertists" who were in favor of ending the war and returning to the Union in exchange for protection of slavery. With no political parties, candidates would simply announce their candidacy and select their own running mate. The first person to announce their candidacy was Vice President Alexander Stephens, who was basically a Revertist. Next, Secretary of War John C. Breckinridge announced that he would run, and immediately became the favorite. Later, North Carolina governor and Confederalist Zebulon B. Vance announced his candidacy. Robert Rhett, a Fire-Eater, announced his candidacy, immediately announcing his running mate, Texas Senator Louis Wigfall. Later the other three running mates were announced.

Tickets

  • John C. Breckinridge-Robert M.T. Hunter (Centralist)
  • Zebulon B. Vance-Joseph E. Brown (Confederalist)
  • Alexander H. Stephens-John A. Campbell (Revertist)
  • Robert B. Rhett-Louis T. Wigfall (Fire-Eater)

Results

Of the 13 states, eight were carried by Breckinridge. The Vance-Brown ticket took their own states of North Carolina and Georgia. Rhett and Wigfall also took their own states of South Carolina and Texas. Stephens and Campbell won just Kentucky, which was as many electoral votes as Rhett, and they had more popular votes. Breckinridge won 62-20-12-12, becoming the second President of the Confederacy.

1872

Background

This was the first election with established parties. Zebulon B. Vance was the only Confederalist nominated at its National Convention in St. Louis, as he was the main leader of the party. Five Confederalists were nominated for Vice President, and Thomas H. Watts was chosen over William Smith, the Governor of Virginia. At the Centralist National Convention in Norfolk, Virginia, Vice President Robert M.T. Hunter was chosen ahead of six other nominees: Robert W. Barnwell, Thomas Bocock, Jubal Early, Judah P. Benjamin, Robert Toombs, and Alexander Stephens. Albert G. Brown, who was mainly interested in upgrading the education system, was chosen the running mate after 18 rounds of voting, ahead of Waldo P. Johnson (Who would've been chosen specifically to win Missouri). The Fire-Eaters, without many leaders, chose Louis T. Wigfall and William P. Miles at their Convention in Charleston, South Carolina.

Tickets

  • Zebulon B. Vance-Thomas H. Watts (Confederalist)
  • Robert M.T. Hunter-Albert G. Brown (Centralist)
  • Louis T. Wigfall-William P. Miles (Fire-Eater)

Results

The Vance-Watt ticket won a majority of electoral votes, winning 66 out of 127, but did not win a majority of popular votes. Hunter won as many states as Vance, but ended up with 20 less electoral votes. In Tennessee, the outcome of the election was unclear, and it was granted to Vance, though Hunter was likely the actual winner. Had Tennessee been awarded to Hunter, Hunter would have had a plurality but not a majority, and it would have been decided by the house of Representatives. Wigfall and Miles won their own states of Texas and South Carolina.

Special Election of 1876

Background

After the impeachment of Zebulon B. Vance, and Thomas Watts' resignation, President pro tempore of the Senate, Robert M.T. Hunter, was left as acting president until a special election was held. The Confederalists had lost a lot of support, and much of that support had gone to the new Conservative Party. The Centralists chose Robert M.T. Hunter and John H. Reagan as his running mate, the Conservatives chose Civil War hero Jubal Early and James Chestnut as their Vice Presidential Candidate, and the Confederalists chose Isham Harris and John Milton (who hadn't committed suicide unlike in OTL). 

Tickets

  • Robert M.T. Hunter-John H. Reagan (Centralist)
  • Jubal Early-James Chestnut, Jr. (Conservative)
  • Isham G. Harris-John Milton (Confederalist)

Results

The Confederalists won only Florida, which was John Milton's state. The Conservatives won Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia. All other states (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, and Kentucky) were won by the Centralists, giving them the easy win. 

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